Award Winning Criminal Lawyers - Accepting Criminal Cases in Ajax Ontario

From October 4 to 29, 2021, Canadian Lawyer Magazine conducted a survey to select the top boutique criminal law firms in Canada. From an extensive list of candidates, respondents ranked the top firms in this category in Canada, including Ajax in the Region in Ontario. Survey participants were asked to rank the top criminal law firms by region. Voters chose ten top boutique criminal law firms in Ontario, with Caramanna Friedberg LLP being selected as one of the top ten.

Caramanna, Friedberg LLP is a leading criminal defence law firm located in Ontario. The firm provides comprehensive legal advice and vigorously protects the rights of clients facing criminal charges including the following.

  • Domestic Assault: forcible confinement, utter threats, mischief to property;
  • Sexual Offences: sexual assault, sexual exploitation, invitation to sexual touching, sexual interference;
  • Drinking and Driving Offences: impaired driving, over 80, refuse breath sample, dangerous driving, fail to remain;
  • Drug Offences: drug trafficking, drug possession, possession for the purpose of trafficking, drug importation, conspiracy to traffic drugs, drug production and grow-ops;
  • Bail Hearings: bail hearings for all offences, bail revocation hearings, bail reviews, bail variations, bail estreatment hearings;
  • Assault: non-domestic assault, aggravated assault, assault with a weapon, assault causing bodily harm, assaulting a police officer;
  • Property Crimes: theft, shoplifting, possession of stolen property, possession of burglar tools, robbery, mischief under $5,000;
  • Homicide: murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, criminal negligence causing death;
  • Weapons Offences: possession of a weapon, weapons dangerous, carry concealed weapon, possession of guns;
  • Fraud: including large-scale frauds, uttering forged documents, breaches of trust, impersonation;
  • Harassment: criminal harassment;
  • Administration of Justice Crimes: fail to comply with bail, obstruct police, obstruct justice, perjury, fail to appear, public mischief
  • Criminal Law Appeals: appeals of conviction and sentence, bail pending appeal, crown initiated appeals, appeals of POA charges;
  • Extradition: to foreign countries and transfer of prisoners from foreign countries to Canada.

Directions from the Following Streets

5th concession Rd, Abbs Crt, Abela Lane, Abraham Crt, Achilles Rd, Adams Dr, Addley Cres, Admiral Rd, Agate Rd, Ainley Rd, Ainsbury Ave, Albery Cres, Alden Sq, Aldonschool Crt, Allard Ave, Ambassador St, Andrea Rd, Angier Cres, Angus Dr, Annable Lane, Annie Cres, Anstead Cres, Aquilina Crt, Archer Dr, Arfield Ave, Armitage Cres, Arnold estate Lane, Ashbury Blvd, Atherton Ave, Atkinson Crt, Audley Rd, Baker Rd, Ballantyne Dr, Ballgrove Cres, Balsdon Crt, Bambridge St, Banner Cres, Barbour Cres, Barden Cres, Barnard Crt, Barnes Dr, Barnfield Cres, Barnham St, Barr Rd, Barrett Cres, Bartlett Dr, Bartolo Lane, Bashford Rd, Batt Cres, Bayly St, Bazin Rd, Beachview St, Beadle Dr, Bean Cres, Beatty Rd, Beaumont Dr, Beck Cres, Beech St, Beer Cres, Bellinger Dr, Bellotti Cres, Bennett Ave, Betts Rd, Bevan Cres, Beverton Cres, Bicknell Crt, Bidgood Dr, Biggs Dr, Bignell Cres, Billingsgate Cres, Birch Cres, Birchmount Rd, Bird Cres, Bissland Dr, Black Dr, Blackburn Cres, Blake Crt, Blowers Cres, Blunden Rd, Blytheway Gate, Bolland Cres, Bondsmith St, Bonner Cres, Booker Dr, Boone Lane, Booth Cres, Bowers Crt, Bowles Dr, Boyd Cres, Boyes Crt, Boylett Rd, Brackenridge St, Bradbury Cres, Brady Lane, Bramwell Dr, Brand Crt, Brandwood Sq, Bray Dr, Brennan Rd, Brice Dr, Brider Cres, Brightly Dr, Brind-sheridan Crt, Brock St, Brocklesby Cres, Brockman Cres, Brooks Rd, Brooksbank Cres, Broylio Lane, Bryant Rd, Buggey Lane, Bunhill Crt, Bunting Crt, Burcher Rd, Burden Cres, Burningham Cres, Burnsborough St, Burrells Rd, Burtonbury Lane, Butterworth Dr, Byram downs St, Cachia Lane, Cadby Rd, Caldicott Crt, Callander Crt, Callen Crt, Cameron St, Camill Ave, Camilleri Rd, Cantwell Cres, Carberry Cres, Card St, Carle Cres, Carnelly Cres, Carpendale Cres, Carr Dr, Carrick Ave, Carter-bennett Dr, Carwin Cres, Cater Ave, Caton Lane, Cedar St, Centennial Rd, Chadwick Dr, Chalmers Cres, Chamberlain Crt, Chambers Dr, Chant Cres, Chapman Dr, Charlton Cres, Chaston Rd, Chatfield Dr, Cherry Rd, Chesham Crt, Chisholm Crt, Christena Cres, Church St, Churchill Rd, Clapperton Dr, Clarelyn Blvd, Clarepark Crt, Clark Rd, Clegg Lane, Clements Rd, Clover ridge Dr, Clowes St, Cluett Dr, Clutterbuck Lane, Cockburn St, Coe Dr, Coles Ave, Colleridge St, Collis Lane, Commercial Ave, Cook Lane, Coomer Cres, Cooperage Lane, Coote Crt, Coppini Lane, Cornelius Lane, Cornwall Dr, Coughlen St, Cowling Cres, Coxhead Lane, Coyle St, Crabtree Lane, Cragg Cres, Crane Cres, Cranley Crt, Cranston Ave, Crawford Dr, Cree Dr, Crellin St, Cullcastle St, Cumberland Lane, Cummings Crt, Cunliffe Lane, Dagwell Cres, Dakin Dr, Dale Rd, Dallotto Lane, Daniels Cres, Danks ridge Dr, Danton Crt, Darbyshire Crt, Darlet Ave, Darley St, Davey St, Deacon Lane, Decourcy-ireland Cir, Deep rose Lane, Delaney Dr, Dennis Dr, Denny St, Dent St, Deverill Cres, Devineridge Ave, Dewfall Cres, Dexshire Dr, Dingley Crt, Distleman Way, Dobson Dr, Dodsworth Dr, Dolby Cres, Dollery Gate, Dominy Dr, Donahoe Ave, Dooley Cres, Doric St, Dorling Ave, Douet Lane, Dowers Dr, Down Cres, Dowty Rd, Doyle Crt, Draycott Ave, Drayton Ave, Dreyer Dr, Dring St, Driscoll Dr, Ducatel Cres, Duckfield Cres, Duffin St, Dunwell Cres, Durham St, Durling rock St, Dyerham Dr, Easton Crt, Ebony St, Edgley Crt, Edward St, Elgin St, Elizabeth St, Elliottglen Dr, Ellis Lane, Elm St, Elston Ave, Emperor St, Empson Crt, Enderly St, Epps Cres, Ethlyn Crt, Everett Rd, Exeter Rd, Eyreglen Crt, Fairall St, Falby Crt, Farley Crt, Farmers Ave, Farrow Cres, Fearn Cres, Feint Dr, Fenn St, Fenton St, Field Cres, Fielding Crt, Finley Ave, Fisher Cres, Fishlock St, Fitzgerald Dr, Flazington Crt, Fletcher Ave, Flowers Cres, Foakes Dr, Follett Crt, Foord Rd, Forest Rd, Formosa Ave, Frankcom St, Frazer Rd, Freer Cres, Freeston Cres, Fuller Rd, Galea Dr, Gallagher Crt, Gamble Dr, Gandy Crt, Gant Pl, Gardiner Dr, Garnett Dr, Garrardview St, Gaskin St, Gates Cres, Genner Dr, George jones St, George St, Georgina Dr, Gibson Crt, Gidley Lane, Gifford Crt, Gill Cres, Gillett Dr, Gilmour Dr, Ginno Lane, Glennie Dr, Glenwood Terr, Glynn Rd, Good Lane, Goodhart Cres, Gorton Rd, Goss Lane, Graf spee Lane, Graham Crt, Grainger Cres, Grayson Rd, Graywardine Lane, Green Crt, Greenhalf Dr, Greenwood Rd, Gregory Rd, Gregson St, Griffiths Dr, Grigglestone Lane, Grogan St, Groves Lane, Gurr Cres, Hack Crt, Halliday St, Hanaway Dr, Handley Cres, Harbord Cres, Hardman Lane, Harkins Dr, Harland Cres, Harley Dr, Harman Dr, Harper-hill Dr, Harridine Lane, Harrisview St, Harty Cres, Harwood Ave, Haskell Ave, Hawker Crt, Hawkins Cres, Hayward Lane, Hazeldine Dr, Headon Ave, Healthcote Lane, Hearne Cres, Hearson St, Heatherwood Rd, Hemans Crt, Hendley Dr, Heron St, Hesketh Rd, Heslop St, Hester Ave, Hettersley Dr, Hewison Crt, Hewitt Cres, Hibbard Dr, Hibbins Ave, Hickling Lane, Hickman Rd, Hiley Ave, Hilling Dr, Hillman Dr, Hills Rd, Hinchcliff Gate, Hinden Lane, Hinsley Cres, Hirons Dr, Hirshfield Lane, Hitchen Ave, Hobson Ave, Hodle St, Hoile Dr, Hollier Dr, Holliman Lane, Holloway Dr, Holmes Cres, Holroyd St, Hopkinson Cres, Hoppe St, Horne Ave, Hornett Way, Hornsell Cir, Horton St, Hough Lane, Howes St, Howlett Cres, Howling Cres, Hufton Crt, Hughes Cres, Hulley Cres, Humphrey Dr, Hunt St, Hunter Dr, Hunwicks Cres, Hurley Rd, Hurst Dr, Iles St, Illingworth Lane, Ingold Lane, Ivers Crt, Jacques Lane, Jacwin Dr, Jallan Dr, Janes Lane, Jenkins Lane, Jessett St, Jevons Dr, Jonesridge Dr, Kane Crt, Kavanaugh Crt, Kearney Dr, Keeble Cres, Keenlyside Lane, Keensford Crt, Keith-wright Cres, Kemp Dr, Kent St, Kerrison Dr, Keys Dr, Keywood St, Kidd Crt, Kingham Ave, Kinghorn Gate, Kings Cres, Kingston Rd, Kinloch Crt, Kinnison Crt, Kinrade Cres, Kipling Cres, Kirk Ave, Kirkham Dr, Kitney Dr, Knapton Ave, Knowles St, Lachlan Dr, Lakeridge Rd, Lakeview Blvd, Lambard Cres, Langsdorff Dr, Lankester Lane, Large Cres, Larkinley Lane, Larner Dr, Latham Crt, Lavan Lane, Lawrence town St, Lawrie Rd, Lax Ave, Leach Dr, Leah Cres, Lear St, Leggett Dr, Leney St, Lewin Cres, Lilley Ave, Lincoln St, Ling St, Linnell St, Linton Ave, Littler Lane, Littlewood Lane, Lloydminster Ave, Locker Dr, London Lane, Lone Crt, Longstaff Dr, Lord Dr, Loughlin hill Cres, Love Cres, Lovegrove Lane, Lucas Lane, Luce Dr, Lurcook St, Lythgoe Lane, Macdermott Dr, Macey Crt, Macintyre Lane, Mackeller Crt, Mackenzie Ave, Maggs St, Magill Dr, Makin Crt, Malthouse Cres, Mandrake St, Mansbridge Cres, Manser Crt, Mantell Cres, Maple Ave, Maple St, Mapson Cres, Marjoram Dr, Marks Crt, Marriner Cres, Marsh Lane, Marshall Cres, Martinworth Lane, Marwin Rd, Mary St, Masterson Lane, Mathews St, Matthews St, Mawby St, Mayor Cres, Mcalpine Ave, Mccarrick St, Mcclarnan Rd, Mcclustey Ave, Mccourt Dr, Mccullock Cres, Mcginty Ave, Mcgonigal Lane, Mcgregor Dr, Mchugh Rd, Mckie Crt, Mcmaster Ave, Mcnamara Crt, Mcneilage Crt, Mcnicol Cres, Mcqueen Cres, Mcrae Rd, Mcsweeney Cres, Medley Lane, Meekings Dr, Michaelman Rd, Middlecote Dr, Miles Dr, Milham Dr, Mill St, Millington Cres, Mills Rd, Millward Cres, Milner Cres, Monarch Ave, Monk Cres, Montebello Cres, Morden Cres, Morland Cres, Mortimer Cres, Mortlock St, Mosa Crt, Mosley Cres, Moss Lane, Moxter Crt, Moynahan Cres, Mullen Dr, Mullord Ave, Murphy Lane, Muscat Cres, Napiermews Dr, Naylor Lane, Nelson Ave, Netherway Cres, Newing Crt, Nicholls Crt, Nimmo Lane, Noake Cres, Nobbs Dr, Noble Dr, Notion Rd, Nott Dr, Oak St, Oakins Lane, O'brien Crt, O'dell Crt, Old harwood Ave, Old kingston Rd, Oldfield Crt, O'leary Dr, Olsen Dr, Ontario St, Ontoro Blvd, Orchard Rd, O'shea Cres, Oswell Dr, Oxlade Cres, Palmer Dr, Panter Cres, Pantoll St, Paramore Crt, Parish Ave, Parker Cres, Parkes Dr, Parkins Dr, Parrot St, Parry Rd, Parsons Rd, Patience Lane, Patterson Cres, Peacock Cres, Pearce Dr, Pembry Dr, Pendrill Way, Pennefather Lane, Perfitt Cres, Phillpot Lane, Pickering beach Rd, Pickett St, Pine St, Pinoak Rd, Pittmann Cres, Plowman Dr, Plumb St, Plumridge Crt, Pollard Cres, Poplar Ave, Porte Rd, Portelli Cres, Pottle Lane, Poulton Ave, Powers valley Crt, Powlesland St, Preston Crt, Pridham Crt, Pughe St, Pugsley Crt, Pullen Lane, Purcell Lane, Purdue Ave, Quaintance Ave, Quarrie Lane, Queen St, Radford Dr, Raine Dr, Raithby Cres, Randall Dr, Rands Rd, Range line Rd, Range Rd, Raven Lane, Ravenscroft Rd, Rea St, Reading St, Redmond Dr, Reed Dr, Reese Ave, Reevesmere Lane, Reygate Crt, Richards Lane, Rideout St, Ritchie Ave, Riverside Dr, Robbie Cres, Roberson Dr, Roberts Dr, Rolfe Lane, Rollo Dr, Roosevelt Ave, Root Cres, Rossland Rd, Rotherglen Rd, Rumbellow Cres, Rushbrooke Way, Rushworth Dr, Ruthel Rd, Ryan Crt, Ryder Cres, Sabbe Cres, Salem Rd, Saliba Ave, Sallis Dr, Salt Dr, Salvage St, Sargeant Ave, Sayor Dr, Schofield Gate, Schoolbridge St, Seabreeze Rd, Seagrave Lane, Searell Ave, Seggar Ave, Selby Dr, Selway Rd, Seward Cres, Sewell Cres, Shale Dr, Shapland Cres, Sharp Cres, Sharplin Dr, Sheldon Dr, Shell Dr, Shepstone Dr, Sherwood Rd, Shipp Cres, Shoal point Rd, Shorten Pl, Sidaway Lane, Sideline 16 Rd, Sillett Dr, Silverwood Cir, Silvester St, Simms Dr, Simonds Dr, Simpson Rd, Sivyer Cres, Skelton Cres, Slader heights St, Slater Cres, Sleeky Lane, Smales Dr, Smith Lane, Snowling Dr, Solway Cres, Southam St, Speight Crt, Spiers Cres, Spraggins Lane, Squire Dr, Staines Ave, Stammers Dr, Stannardville Dr, Station St, Stearns Crt, Stevensgate Dr, Stockbridge Cres, Stockell Cres, Stokes Dr, Stonewood St, Stott Ave, Strathy Rd, Strickland Dr, Styles Cres, Sullivan Dr, Swanston Cres, Sykes St, Tadman Lane, Talbotshire St, Tampsett Ave, Tams Dr, Tanner Lane, Tansley Cres, Tasker Cres, Taunton Rd, Taverner Cres, Tawn Cres, Taylor Rd, Teasdale St, Telford St, Temple-west Cres, Thackery Dr, Thompson St, Thorncroft Cres, Thornharrold St, Thorogood St, Thorp Cres, Tiller St, Tipton Cres, Todd Rd, Todhunter Cres, Tompkins Lane, Top St, Torr Lane, Towers St, Tozer Cres, Tragunna Lane, Travis Lane, Trawley Cres, Tresher Crt, Trott Lane, Trowell Lane, Tudor Ave, Tulloch Dr, Tunbridge Gate, Turnbull Rd, Turnerbury Ave, Turriff Cres, Twigg Dr, Twilley Lane, Unsworth Cres, Upchurch Ave, Urwin St, Vale Cres, Varley Dr, Vassallo Lane, Ventris Dr, Ventura Lane, View St, Wainwright Dr, Waldron Crt, Walker Cres, Warburton Dr, Warner Dr, Warnford Cir, Warwick Ave, Watersplace Ave, Weatherby Ave, Webbford St, Weekes Dr, Welbourne Crt, Weld Dr, Welsh St, Westacott Cres, Westgate Ave, Westney Rd, Weston Cres, Westray Cres, Wheatley Cres, Whitbread Cres, Whitefoot Cres, Whitlock Cres, Whittington Crt, Wickens Cres, Wicks Dr, Wiggins Dr, Wilce Dr, Wilkie Lane, Willcocks Cres, Willer Ave, Williamson Dr, Willows Lane, Wilsongary Cir, Windebanks Dr, Windle Dr, Windsor Ave, Windsor Dr, Winrow Gate, Winterton Way, Wiseman Dr, Wishbone Cres, Withay Dr, Woodcock Ave, Woodhouse Cres, Woodward Cres, Woolf Cres, Workmen's Cir, Wright Cres, York St

We Represent Criminal Clients in Ajax Ontario

Read What Our Clients Are Saying

My experience with the team at Caramanna Friedberg was outstanding. They represented me relentlessly and treated me with dignity throughout the entire process, achieving extraordinary results. Thanks for everything, guys!"

Ang Iantosca

Matthew Friedberg is an exceptional lawyer. I used him for a complicated legal matter, and he went above and beyond to get the case dismissed. He always returns phone calls, text messages and emails promptly. I would recommend using this law firm for any legal matters.

Arlene F

Matthew and His firm are the best advocates for people in need of help because they have hearts. For them, it’s not about the money. It’s about the person that they are defending and advocating for. They handle their cases with such passion and conviction and will go till the end of the earth to get the best outcome for their client.....this is what makes them the best in the country.


Matthew and his firm are the best advocates for people in need of help because they have hearts. For them, it’s not about the money. It’s about the person that they are defending and advocating for. They handle their cases with such passion and conviction and will go to the end of the earth to get the best outcome for their client. This is what makes them the best in the country.

Janice Benatar

Janice Benatar

Areas of Practice


There are numerous ways an individual can commit arson under the Criminal Code, and the penalties can be severe. Depending on level of damage and injury caused, one can face a maximum punishment of life imprisonment.

Assault with a Weapon

Assault with a weapon is a more serious charge than “simple assault”, but is a very broadly defined type of offence. A person can be charged with assault with a weapon even if they did not actually strike the other person. Depending on the context in which it is used, any item can be considered a “weapon”.

Bail Hearings

The first step after a person is charged with any offence is determining how they will be released pending the outcome of their case. People who have criminal records or are facing serious charges are often held for a bail hearing.

Bail Reviews

If a person is denied bail, they may bring a Bail Review. Bail Reviews require a review of the bail hearing proceedings and the legal and factual issues involved at the bail hearing. They require the preparation of specific materials that must be filed with the reviewing Court.

Breach of Probation

Failure to abide by the terms of your probation order can result in new, additional criminal charges. The penalties you can face for a breach of probation charge may be more serious than the original sentence you were serving.

Break & Enter

Breaking and entering is a very serious offence that has the potential to result in a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. “Home invasions” are a more serious category to this type of charge. A person can be charged with break & entering even if no items are stolen.

Careless Driving

Careless Driving is a quasi-criminal offence prosecuted under the Highway Traffic Act. What is considered careless driving is extremely broad, and the penalties can include fines, jail time, a driving suspension, the loss of demerit points, and increased insurance rates.

Charter Applications

Under Canadian laws, everyone is granted specific fundamental rights under The Charter of Rights and Freedoms. If applicable to the case, potential Charter violations could result in the exclusion of important evidence or a stay of proceedings.

Child Pornography

Being accused of a child pornography offence can be both shocking and terrifying. Defendants with experienced criminal defence counsel, like those at Caramanna Friedberg, are best situated to control their legal jeopardy and limit the damage to their reputation.


It only takes agreement between two people to form a conspiracy, and police can charge you for one even if you never took any other steps to commit the alleged offence. It is important to have legal assistance and representation when facing a conspiracy charge, not just because of the relatively low evidentiary threshold the prosecution needs to meet in a conspiracy case, but also because conspiracy cases often involve complex and nuanced exceptions to normal evidentiary rules that can easily trip-up those unfamiliar with criminal law.

Coroner's Inquests

A Coroner’s Inquest is a public hearing that investigates the who, what, when, where and how of a person’s death. Depending on the circumstances of the person’s death, sometimes a Coroner’s inquest is mandatory.

Corporate Criminal Due Diligence

Because corporations can be found criminally liable for the actions of even relatively low-level employees, criminal and quasi-criminal liability is a significant legal and reputational risk for corporate entities. Getting the legal advice necessary to engage in active due diligence can help reduce this risk to a manageable level and ensure you have legal defences ready if employees go

Criminal Appeals

There are a myriad of reasons why a judicial decision requires the appellate review. It is open to both Crown and Defence to appeal a judge’s decision regarding the accused’s conviction and/or sentence.

Criminal Harassment

The type of behaviour that falls under the offence of Criminal Harassment ranges from repeated texts all the way to stalking or threatening. The potential penalties vary depending on the factual matrix and how aggravating the conduct was.

Dangerous Offender Applications

A dangerous offender application by prosecutors can lead to the permanent loss of a defendant’s liberty. Defending against such an application requires both careful planning and the experience to navigate complex law and factual circumstances.

Dangerous Operation

Dangerous Operation of a Motor Vehicle can result in serious jail time and mandatory minimum fines depending on whether how the Crown elects to prosecute. What is considered “dangerous” driving behaviour involves an assessment of many factors.

Domestic Assault

Charges involving a “domestic” relationship are sometimes more complex and are often dealt with differently in the criminal Courts than an assault against a stranger or a bar fight, for example.

Driving While Prohibited

Driving while prohibited from doing so can attract charges under both the Criminal Code and the Highway Traffic Act. Regardless of the legislation, one is charged under, the penalties may include fines, jail time, driving prohibition orders, and insurance implications.

Drug Offences

Drug-related offences are among some of the more serious charges prosecuted in Canada and more often than not, involve Charter litigation of some sort. Possession, trafficking, production and importing are all types of drug offences that can come with serious long term consequences if convicted.

Environmental Prosecutions

Environmental laws seeking to prevent pollution and protect resources place a very strict and heavy onus on both individuals and businesses to comply with certain standards. Violations for these regulatory types of charges can result in very hefty fines and occasionally, jail time upon conviction.


If a person is alleged to have committed a crime in another country, extradition laws may demand that the person be “delivered” by Canada to that country to face the charges. Extradition hearings and appeals are a critical part of that process.

Fail to Remain / Failure to Stop

Failing to remain or stop at the scene of an accident can result in charges under both the Criminal Code and the Highway Traffic Act. While the potential penalties can be serious, including mandatory minimum fines and/or jail time, there are various defences available which relate to the personal circumstances and knowledge of the accused.

Fingerprint Destruction

When a person is charged with an offence, part of the arrest procedure involves the police taking your fingerprints and photographs. If you are found not guilty or your charges are withdrawn, or you receive a non-conviction result, you can apply to have your fingerprints and photographs taken upon arrest destroyed, sometimes after a specific period of time.


Fraud encompasses a very broad spectrum of criminal activity under Canadian criminal law and can carry severe penalties, depending on the type of fraud and level of sophistication alleged. Findings of guilt for these types of offences also have serious implications on a person’s future including employment.

Highway Traffic Act Offences

The Highway Traffic Act are regulatory offences that can come with severe penalties such as hefty fines or even jail time. Convictions for most of these offences will often also effect a person’s vehicle insurance and ability to drive.

Human Trafficking

Human trafficking offences are very serious charges that relate to recruiting or controlling the movement of people for explorative purposes. These charges are most commonly seen alongside (relatively) less-serious charges around the commodification of sexual services in relation to conduct colloquially known as “pimping.”

Identity Theft

The offence of Identity Theft targets certain conduct taken to prepare for various offences involving fraud, deceit, or falsehood. If police, rightly or wrongly, think you are collecting certain information for that criminal purpose you can be charged with Identity Theft without ever committing, or even attempting, any other crime.

Immigration Prosecutions

Offences under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act can have very serious consequences.

Impaired Driving (DUI)

Impaired driving offences in Ontario are a criminal category of driving offences that are very strictly prosecuted and are subject to mandatory minimum penalties. These offences can involve more than what people think of as “drunk driving”.


Importing is one of the most serious category of offences under Canadian criminal and regulatory laws. Importing drugs is a common category of this offence. However, a person can also be charged with other “contraband” substances or items without appropriate licences and compliance with Canadian importing regulations.

Internet Related Charges

The widespread use of the internet in our society has expanded the types of offences people can face under this category. From “cyber-bullying” to criminal harassment to possession or transmission of child pornography, crimes involving the investigation or use of the internet can turn simple matters into extremely complex cases involving Charter litigation and privacy laws.

License Suspensions

A driver’s licence suspension can have a devastating impact on people’s lives. Whether facing criminal charges are not, there are various reasons why one’s licence may be suspended, and the length of the suspension will depend on a number of factors.


Mischief encompasses a broad spectrum of activity under the Criminal Code, and the penalties vary significantly depending on the type of mischief and the complexity of the matter.

Murder / Culpable Homicide

Murder is the most serious crime a person can be charged with in this country. The amount of proof regarding the “planning” and “deliberation” of the murder is a key consideration for whether a person will be charged with first degree, second degree or manslaughter.

Obstruction of Justice

The criminal justice system takes charges of Obstruction of Justice and Obstruction of Police very seriously. It is important to obtain legal representation that takes your case just as seriously, and has the expertise to navigate the nuances of these broadly constructed prohibitions


If a person has been found guilty of any criminal offence, they may be eligible to apply for what is now called a Record Suspension after a certain period of time. The types of charges, the sentences the person received and the dates they were sentenced are all key factors in determining whether a person would qualify or not.

Parole Hearings

Parole Hearings are unique proceedings at the post-conviction stage. There are numerous federal statues, including the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, that guide the Parole Board of Canada when it comes to assessing parole eligibility.

Peace Bonds

A peace bond is a court order issued by a judge. It is an agreement entered into whereby a person promises to keep the peace and be of good behaviour, in addition to other potential conditions, for a specific period of time. A peace bond does not require an individual to plead guilty or admit fault. You can either enter into a peace bond as an accused, or apply to obtain a peace bond against someone else.


The law defines possession very broadly based on “knowledge, consent and control”. That is why a person can be charged with possession of illicit drugs or a weapon for simply being in the same place where the item was found.


Regardless of how large or small the quantity of drugs, you can face jail time and other penalties for growing marijuana or producing other controlled substances. The severity of the punishment will depend on many factors, including the Accused prior history, the type of drug and the amount of drugs involved.

Professional Disciplinary Proceedings

Doctors, nurses, teachers and lawyers are a few examples of professionals who are governed by regulatory bodies that impose rules and bylaws that must be followed by their profession. Any rule-breaking can result in the person facing disciplinary sanctions that could impact whether or not they are allowed to continue working in that field.

Professional Regulation

Doctors, nurses, teachers and lawyers are a few examples of professionals who are governed by regulatory bodies that impose rules and bylaws that must be followed by their profession. Any rule-breaking can result in the person facing disciplinary sanctions that could impact whether or not they are allowed to continue working in that field.

Quasi-Criminal Prosecutions

There are many federal and provincial laws in addition to the criminal offences under the Criminal Code and Controlled Substances Act that result in penalties that can be as severe as the ones found in criminal law. Convictions for these “quasi-criminal” offences can include hefty fines and even jail time.


Robbery often involves the use or threat of force while stealing or attempting to steal property. For example, a person can be charged with robbery for demanding another person’s phone or wallet, even if there is no weapon involved.

Sexual Assault

Sexual assault and other sex-related offences are among the most serious criminal charges a person can face. If convicted, these charges have serious penalties that include the potential for stigmatization and jeopardizing future job prospects.

Tax Prosecutions

Tax evasion and falsifying or filing misleading information in tax returns can result in criminal or quasi-criminal charges with severe penalties including hefty fines and sometimes even jail time. This is a complex category of offences involving overlapping areas of law and multiple statutes.


Theft is a broad category of property-related offences that can come with severe penalties depending on the circumstances. From a simple shop-lifting type of charge to large-scale “white-collar” fraud schemes, a conviction for theft can have serious long-term consequences for a person found guilty of this offence.


Drug Trafficking cases should be taken very seriously. In addition to imprisonment, a conviction for this offence can have significant consequences on one’s life and liberty. It is imperative to have an experienced defence lawyer to represent you if you are charged.

Uttering Threats

There are numerous ways to commit the offence of uttering threats, and the potential punishment will depend on how the threat was made and any collateral consequences to the threat. An assessment of whether something amounts to a “threat” is highly contextual.


Voyeurism is the offence of secretly watching or recording someone in certain private circumstances or for a sexual purpose. It is also illegal to share voyeuristic recordings or possess them for the purpose of sharing them. Voyeurism captures a wide array of conduct and the defences available to it are legally and factually nuanced.

Weapons Offences

Weapons-related offences are also among some of the more serious charges prosecuted in Canada. The specific use of any item, depending on the context, can lead to allegations involving “weapons”.

Youth Criminal Justice Act

The Canadian criminal justice system allows youth to be treated differently from adults in most situations when they are charged with a criminal offence. If a person is between the ages of 12 and 17 and are charged with a criminal offence, the prosecution of the case must follow the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

* Practicing in association, but not partnership with Caramanna, Friedberg LLP


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