Award Winning Criminal Lawyers - Accepting Criminal Cases in Milton Ontario

From October 4 to 29, 2021, Canadian Lawyer Magazine conducted a survey to select the top boutique criminal law firms in Canada. From an extensive list of candidates, respondents ranked the top firms in this category in Canada, including Milton in the Region in Ontario. Survey participants were asked to rank the top criminal law firms by region. Voters chose ten top boutique criminal law firms in Ontario, with Caramanna Friedberg LLP being selected as one of the top ten.

Caramanna, Friedberg LLP is a leading criminal defence law firm located in Ontario. The firm provides comprehensive legal advice and vigorously protects the rights of clients facing criminal charges including the following.

  • Domestic Assault: forcible confinement, utter threats, mischief to property;
  • Sexual Offences: sexual assault, sexual exploitation, invitation to sexual touching, sexual interference;
  • Drinking and Driving Offences: impaired driving, over 80, refuse breath sample, dangerous driving, fail to remain;
  • Drug Offences: drug trafficking, drug possession, possession for the purpose of trafficking, drug importation, conspiracy to traffic drugs, drug production and grow-ops;
  • Bail Hearings: bail hearings for all offences, bail revocation hearings, bail reviews, bail variations, bail estreatment hearings;
  • Assault: non-domestic assault, aggravated assault, assault with a weapon, assault causing bodily harm, assaulting a police officer;
  • Property Crimes: theft, shoplifting, possession of stolen property, possession of burglar tools, robbery, mischief under $5,000;
  • Homicide: murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, criminal negligence causing death;
  • Weapons Offences: possession of a weapon, weapons dangerous, carry concealed weapon, possession of guns;
  • Fraud: including large-scale frauds, uttering forged documents, breaches of trust, impersonation;
  • Harassment: criminal harassment;
  • Administration of Justice Crimes: fail to comply with bail, obstruct police, obstruct justice, perjury, fail to appear, public mischief
  • Criminal Law Appeals: appeals of conviction and sentence, bail pending appeal, crown initiated appeals, appeals of POA charges;
  • Extradition: to foreign countries and transfer of prisoners from foreign countries to Canada.

Directions from the Following Streets

Abbott St, Agnew Cres, Aird Crt, Akins Landng, Alder Gate, Alexander Cres, Allan Cres, Alliance Rd, Allport Gate, Ambroise Cres, Anderson Ave, Andrews Trail, Anne Blvd, Apple Terr, Appleby Line, Applewood Cres, Archer Way, Argall Crt, Armstrong Blvd, Arthurs Way, Ash Gate, Ashbrook Crt, Asleton Blvd, Aspen Terr, Athlone Dr, Attenborough Terr, Auburn Rd, Auger Terr, Aylmer Cres, Babcock Cres, Baldwin Crt, Balsam Crt, Banks Cres, Banting Crt, Barclay Cir, Bardoe Cres, Barnard Dr, Barr Cres, Bartleman Terr, Barton St, Basswood Cres, Bastedo Crt, Baverstock Cres, Baylis Crt, Beacham Crt, Beam Crt, Bearberry Pl, Beard Dr, Beasley Terr, Beaty Trail, Beaver Crt, Bell school Line, Bell St, Bellflower Crt, Belmore Crt, Bennett Blvd, Bergamot Ave, Bessborough Dr, Bessy Trail, Best Rd, Bews Landng, Biason Cir, Biggar Hts, Birch Ave, Bishop Crt, Black Dr, Blain St, Blinco Terr, Bolingbroke Dr, Bond head Crt, Bonin Cres, Book Dr, Borden Lane, Boston church Rd, Boughton Cres, Bousfield Cres, Bowell Cres, Bowes St, Bowring Cres, Boyd Lane, Bradley Terr, Brandon Terr, Brassard Cir, Briar Cres, Britannia Rd, Britton Cres, Broadway Ave, Brock Crt, Bronson Terr, Bronte St, Brothers Cres, Brown St, Bruce St, Brush Rd, Buck Dr, Buckeye Crt, Buckthorn Gdns, Bundy Dr, Burnhamthorpe Rd, Burrows Gate, Bussel Cres, Byng Crt, Cabot Trail, Cactus Pt, Cahoun Terr, Caldwell Cres, Campbellville Rd, Carbert Cres, Cardinal Crt, Cargill Path, Carr Landng, Cartmer Way, Cartwright Cres, Casarin Cres, Casson Pt, Cathcart Cres, Cavanagh Lane, Cavell St, Caverhill Cres, Caves Crt, Cedar hedge Rd, Cedarbrae Ave, Cedric Terr, Celandine Cres, Centennial forest Dr, Challinor Terr, Chambers Pl, Chandler Cres, Chapman Cres, Charles St, Charlton Way, Chee chee Landng, Cherry Crt, Chestnut Hts, Childs Dr, Chilver Hts, Chisholm Dr, Chretien St, Chris hadfield Way, Christie Cir, Chuchmach Close, Chudleigh Way, Churchill Ave, Clark Blvd, Clarkson Gate, Clarriage Crt, Clements Dr, Clifford Pt, Clitherow St, Clover park Cres, Coates Dr, Cobban Rd, Cochrane Terr, Collis Crt, Colville Pl, Commercial St, Connaught Terr, Connors Landng, Conway Crt, Cooke Cres, Coombs Crt, Cooper Ave, Copeland Cir, Costigan Rd, Cottrelle Pl, Coulson Ave, Coulter Way, Court St, Cousens Terr, Coxe Blvd, Cranberry Cres, Croft Ave, Crozier Cres, Cumming Blvd, Cusick Cir, Dalhousie Gate, Davis Lane, Dawson Cres, Day Terr, Deacon Dr, Dempsey Cres, Denison Place, Denyes Way, Derry Rd, Deverell Pl, Devine Pt, Dewar Crt, Dias Landng, Dice Way, Diefenbaker St, Dills Cres, Dinsmore Dr, Dixon Dr, Dockray Dr, Dolby Cres, Donald campbell Ave, Donnelly St, Donovan Hts, Doran Cres, Dow Landng, Downes jackson Hts, Dredge Crt, Drysdale Cres, Dublin Line, Duff Cres, Duignan Cres, Duncan Lane, Durante Way, Durno Crt, Dymott Ave, Eadie Dr, Eager Rd, Earl Cres, Easterbrook Cres, Eden Pl, Edison Crt, Edwards Ave, Eighth Line, Elderberry Cres, Elizabeth St, Ellenton Cres, Elliott Cres, Ellis Cres, Elm Ave, Elmwood Cres, Elsley Crt, Elsworthy Cross, Emmett Landng, English mill Crt, Escarpment Way, Esquesing Line, Etheridge Ave, Etherington Way, Evans Terr, Eves Gate, Ezard Cres, Farlow Cres, Farmstead Dr, Farrington Cross, Fasken Crt, Fay Crt, Featherstone Rd, Fennamore Terr, Ferguson Dr, Field Dr, Fifth Line, Finney Terr, Fir Crt, First Line, First St, Fitzgerald Cres, Fleming Dr, Forbes Terr, Foster Crt, Fourth Line, Fowles Crt, Fox Cres, Frank Pl, Fraser Crt, Freeman Trail, Frobisher Blvd, Frost Crt, Fullum Landng, Fulton St, Gainer Cres, Galbraith Blvd, Garden Lane, Garnet St, Gastle Way, Gazley Cir, Geddes Landng, George St, Gervais Terr, Gibson Cres, Giddings Cres, Gifford Cres, Gillett Pt, Given Lane, Gleave Terr, Gleeson Rd, Gollins Dr, Gooch Cres, Gooding Cres, Goodwin Cres, Gordon Hts, Gordon krantz Ave, Gore Crt, Gorham Way, Gosford Cres, Goutouski Cres, Governors Crt, Gowland Cres, Gowling Terr, Graham bell Crt, Grant Way, Greenlees Cir, Grenke Pl, Hadley woods Terr, Halton Ave, Hamilton Cres, Hamman Way, Hampshire Way, Hannant Crt, Hanson Cres, Harkin Pl, Harris Blvd, Harrison Rd, Harrop Dr, Hartley Blvd, Harvest Dr, Harwood Dr, Hasselfeldt Hts, Hatt Crt, Hatton Cross, Havelock Gdns, Haws Cres, Hawthorne Cres, Haxton Hts, Hayward Cres, Hazel Way, Hearst Blvd, Heaven Cres, Hemlock Dr, Hemstreet Cres, Henderson Rd, Henry Cres, Hepburn Rd, Herman Way, Heslop Rd, Hickory Cres, Higginbotham Cres, Highpoint Dr, Highside Dr, Hill St, Hilson Hts, Hinchey Cres, Hincks Dr, Hinton Terr, Hobbs Cres, Holbrook Crt, Holdsworth Cres, Holgate Cres, Holland Hts, Hollinrake Cres, Holloway Terr, Holly Ave, Holmes Cres, Hood Terr, Hope Pl, Houston Dr, Howden Cres, Huddlestone Cres, Hudson Crt, Huffman Cres, Hugh St, Hume Crt, Hume Way, Huntingford Gate, Husband Pl, Hutchinson Ave, Industrial Dr, Inman Hts, Irving Terr, Izumi Gate, Jackman Gate, James snow Pky, James St, Jarrett Cross, Jarvie Cres, Jasper St, Jean Landng, Jelinik Terr, Jempson Path, Job Cres, John St, Johnson Hts, Joyce Blvd, Juneberry Crt, Kearns Dr, Kelly Gate, Kelman Crt, Kelso Rd, Kendall Dr, Kennedy Cir, Kerr Trail, Kincardine Terr, King St, King's court Cres, Kingsleigh Crt, Kingsway Pl, Kitchen Crt, Knight Trail, Kovachik Blvd, Labine Pt, Laidlaw Dr, Laking Terr, Lamont Cres, Lancaster Blvd, Landsborough Ave, Langholm St, Laughren Cres, Laundon Terr, Laurier Ave, Lavery Hts, Lawson Rd, Lear Gate, Leatherleaf Landng, Leblanc Crt, Ledwith Dr, Leger Way, Leitch Landng, Leiterman Dr, Lemieux Crt, Lesage Cres, Lingen Cres, Little Cres, Livingston Rd, Livock Trail, Lloyd Landng, Lobelia Cres, Locker Pl, Logan Dr, Lord simcoe Crt, Lorne scots Dr, Lott Cres, Louis st laurent Ave, Lowe Lane, Lower base Line, Luxton Dr, Lydia Ave, Lyle Landng, Lyndsay Crt, Lyons Crt, Macdonald Cres, Mackenzie Dr, Maddocks Trail, Magnolia Terr, Magurn Gate, Magurn Lane, Maiden Lane, Main St, Malboeuf Crt, Malick St, Mander Pl, Manitou Way, Manley Lane, Mansewood Dr, Maple Ave, Maplewood Cres, Maquire Terr, Mara Cir, Marcellus Ave, Margaret St, Market Dr, Marks St, Marley Cres, Marshall Cres, Martin St, Mary St, Maxted Cres, Mccandless Crt, Mccartney Cres, Mcclenahan Cres, Mccoll Crt, Mccrae Crt, Mccready Dr, Mccuaig Dr, Mccutcheon Cres, Mcdermott Way, Mcdougall Cross, Mcdowell Cres, Mcduffe Cres, Mceachern Crt, Mceastern Path, Mcewan Dr, Mcferran Cres, Mcgeachie Dr, Mcgibbon Dr, Mcginnis Cres, Mcguffin Gate, Mcjannett Ave, Mckay Cres, Mckim Gate, Mclaughlin Ave, Mcmullen Cres, Mcnabb Cres, Mcnair Cir, Mcnaughton Crt, Mcneil Dr, Mcphedran Pt, Mctrach Cres, Meadowbrook Dr, Megson Terr, Meighen Way, Melanson Hts, Mendelson Hts, Menefy Pl, Merritt Dr, Messure Cres, Michener Pl, Mickey Crt, Middleton Cres, Miles St, Mill St, Miller Way, Millside Dr, Milton heights Cres, Miltonbrook Cres, Minchin Way, Minto Cres, Mitchell Pl, Mockridge Terr, Moira Cres, Monaghan Cres, Moonseed Pl, Moorelands Cres, Moreau Lane, Morley Ave, Morobel Dr, Morse Pl, Mortimer Cres, Mount pleasant Way, Mountainview Dr, Mowat Lane, Mulroney Hts, Munch Pl, Murlock Hts, Murray meadows Pl, Muskoka Hts, Nadalin Hts, Nairn Cir, Nakerville Cres, Nelson Crt, Newell St, Nipissing Rd, No 1 side Rd, No 10 side Rd, No 14 side Rd, No 15 side Rd, No 2 side Rd, No 5 side Rd, Norrington Pl, Norris Cir, Nunn Crt, Oak St, Ollerenshaw Pt, Onley Lane, Ontario St, Oriole Crt, Orr Terr, Pan am Blvd, Panton Trail, Parent Pl, Parkhill Dr, Parkway Dr, Parmenter Pt, Patterson Dr, Paupst Pl, Peacock Lane, Pearen Ave, Pearl St, Peddie Rd, Penson Cres, Peregrine Way, Peru Rd, Pettigrew Trail, Pettit Trail, Pharo Pt, Philbrook Dr, Pickersgill Cres, Pine St, Pitcher Pl, Pitfield Rd, Playfair Terr, Plum Pl, Pollock Gate, Poplar Rd, Portch Gate, Porter Way, Potts Terr, Powadiuk Pl, Powys St, Pozbou Cres, Pratt Hts, Primrose Cres, Prince St, Pringle Ave, Prosser Cir, Proud Dr, Queen St, Quinlan Crt, Racey Trail, Raftis Cres, Ramsey Place, Ramshaw Cres, Randall Cres, Raspberry Terr, Rayner Crt, Reading Crt, Redbud Gdns, Reece Crt, Reichert Crt, Reis Pl, Restivo Lane, Riddell Cres, Ridge Dr, Rigo Cross, Riverplace Cres, Rixon Way, Robarts Dr, Robert St, Robertson Cres, Robinwood Cres, Robson Cres, Rolph Terr, Roper Dr, Rose Way, Roseheath Dr, Rottenburg Crt, Rowe Terr, Ruddy Cres, Ruhl Dr, Rusk Ave, Sales Crt, Sanderson Cres, Santa maria Blvd, Sarah St, Satok Cres, Sauble Crt, Sauve St, Savoline Blvd, Schreyer Cres, Scott Blvd, Secord Crt, Seivert Pl, Sellers Path, Septimus Hts, Serafini Cres, Severn Dr, Shade Lane, Shanks Hts, Sheaffe Pl, Shepherd Pl, Sherwood Rd, Shortreed Cres, Silver Crt, Sim Pl, Sinclair Blvd, Sixth Line, Slessor Hts, Slingsby Landng, Sloan Dr, Snider Terr, Snoek Pt, Solomon Crt, Somerville Terr, Sorensen Crt, Southcott Dr, Speck Cross, Speyer Cir, Sprague Pl, Sproat St, Sprucedale Lane, St helena Dr, Stark Cir, Stearn Pl, Steeles Ave, Stemman Pl, Stevenson St, Stewart Cres, Storey Dr, Stoutt Cres, Stover Cres, Strathcona Crt, Strawberry Landng, Stringer Cir, Sugden Terr, Suitor Crt, Sumac Cres, Sunnyvale Cres, Swann Cres, Sweetfern Cres, Swindale Dr, Switzer Cres, Sycamore Gdns, Sydney St, Syer Dr, Symons Cross, Syndenham Lane, Tamarack Pt, Tasker Crt, Tea Landng, Teetzel Dr, Thames Cir, Thimbleweed Crt, Third Line, Third side Rd, Thomas St, Thompson Rd, Thornborrow Crt, Tight Crt, Tilt Pt, Timmer Pl, Tock Close, Toletza Landng, Tonelli Lane, Tough Gate, Trafalgar Crt, Trafalgar Rd, Transom Cres, Treend Pl, Tremaine Rd, Trudeau Dr, Tupper Dr, Turner Dr, Turrell Cres, Tuxford Dr, Twinflower Pl, Tyrone Cres, Urell Way, Valleyview Cres, Van allen Gate, Van fleet Terr, Vanier Dr, Vaughan Crt, Vickerman Way, Victoria St, Violet Gate, Wakefield Rd, Waldie Ave, Walkers Line, Wallace Way, Wallbrook Cres, Walnut Landng, Walsh Ave, Ware Cres, Watercress Way, Waters Blvd, Watson Terr, Wedge Way, Weller Cross, Weston Dr, Wetenhall Landng, Wettlaufer Terr, Whaley Way, Wheelabrator Way, Whetham Hts, Whewell Trail, White Dr, Whitlock Ave, Whitmer St, Whitney Terr, Whitny Terr, Wickson Way, Wilks Landng, Willet Terr, Williams Ave, Willingdon Cres, Willmott Cres, Willow Ave, Wilson Dr, Winn Trail, Winter Cres, Wintergreen Pl, Wise Cross, Wood Close, Woodlawn Cres, Woodley Cres, Woodward Ave, Wrigglesworth Cres, Yates Dr, Yukon Crt, Zelinsky Cres, Zimmerman Cres, Zuest Cres

We Represent Criminal Clients in Milton Ontario

Read What Our Clients Are Saying

My experience with the team at Caramanna Friedberg was outstanding. They represented me relentlessly and treated me with dignity throughout the entire process, achieving extraordinary results. Thanks for everything, guys!"

Ang Iantosca

Matthew Friedberg is an exceptional lawyer. I used him for a complicated legal matter, and he went above and beyond to get the case dismissed. He always returns phone calls, text messages and emails promptly. I would recommend using this law firm for any legal matters.

Arlene F

Matthew and His firm are the best advocates for people in need of help because they have hearts. For them, it’s not about the money. It’s about the person that they are defending and advocating for. They handle their cases with such passion and conviction and will go till the end of the earth to get the best outcome for their client.....this is what makes them the best in the country.


Matthew and his firm are the best advocates for people in need of help because they have hearts. For them, it’s not about the money. It’s about the person that they are defending and advocating for. They handle their cases with such passion and conviction and will go to the end of the earth to get the best outcome for their client. This is what makes them the best in the country.

Janice Benatar

Janice Benatar

Areas of Practice


There are numerous ways an individual can commit arson under the Criminal Code, and the penalties can be severe. Depending on level of damage and injury caused, one can face a maximum punishment of life imprisonment.

Assault with a Weapon

Assault with a weapon is a more serious charge than “simple assault”, but is a very broadly defined type of offence. A person can be charged with assault with a weapon even if they did not actually strike the other person. Depending on the context in which it is used, any item can be considered a “weapon”.

Bail Hearings

The first step after a person is charged with any offence is determining how they will be released pending the outcome of their case. People who have criminal records or are facing serious charges are often held for a bail hearing.

Bail Reviews

If a person is denied bail, they may bring a Bail Review. Bail Reviews require a review of the bail hearing proceedings and the legal and factual issues involved at the bail hearing. They require the preparation of specific materials that must be filed with the reviewing Court.

Breach of Probation

Failure to abide by the terms of your probation order can result in new, additional criminal charges. The penalties you can face for a breach of probation charge may be more serious than the original sentence you were serving.

Break & Enter

Breaking and entering is a very serious offence that has the potential to result in a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. “Home invasions” are a more serious category to this type of charge. A person can be charged with break & entering even if no items are stolen.

Careless Driving

Careless Driving is a quasi-criminal offence prosecuted under the Highway Traffic Act. What is considered careless driving is extremely broad, and the penalties can include fines, jail time, a driving suspension, the loss of demerit points, and increased insurance rates.

Charter Applications

Under Canadian laws, everyone is granted specific fundamental rights under The Charter of Rights and Freedoms. If applicable to the case, potential Charter violations could result in the exclusion of important evidence or a stay of proceedings.

Child Pornography

Being accused of a child pornography offence can be both shocking and terrifying. Defendants with experienced criminal defence counsel, like those at Caramanna Friedberg, are best situated to control their legal jeopardy and limit the damage to their reputation.


It only takes agreement between two people to form a conspiracy, and police can charge you for one even if you never took any other steps to commit the alleged offence. It is important to have legal assistance and representation when facing a conspiracy charge, not just because of the relatively low evidentiary threshold the prosecution needs to meet in a conspiracy case, but also because conspiracy cases often involve complex and nuanced exceptions to normal evidentiary rules that can easily trip-up those unfamiliar with criminal law.

Coroner's Inquests

A Coroner’s Inquest is a public hearing that investigates the who, what, when, where and how of a person’s death. Depending on the circumstances of the person’s death, sometimes a Coroner’s inquest is mandatory.

Corporate Criminal Due Diligence

Because corporations can be found criminally liable for the actions of even relatively low-level employees, criminal and quasi-criminal liability is a significant legal and reputational risk for corporate entities. Getting the legal advice necessary to engage in active due diligence can help reduce this risk to a manageable level and ensure you have legal defences ready if employees go

Criminal Appeals

There are a myriad of reasons why a judicial decision requires the appellate review. It is open to both Crown and Defence to appeal a judge’s decision regarding the accused’s conviction and/or sentence.

Criminal Harassment

The type of behaviour that falls under the offence of Criminal Harassment ranges from repeated texts all the way to stalking or threatening. The potential penalties vary depending on the factual matrix and how aggravating the conduct was.

Dangerous Offender Applications

A dangerous offender application by prosecutors can lead to the permanent loss of a defendant’s liberty. Defending against such an application requires both careful planning and the experience to navigate complex law and factual circumstances.

Dangerous Operation

Dangerous Operation of a Motor Vehicle can result in serious jail time and mandatory minimum fines depending on whether how the Crown elects to prosecute. What is considered “dangerous” driving behaviour involves an assessment of many factors.

Domestic Assault

Charges involving a “domestic” relationship are sometimes more complex and are often dealt with differently in the criminal Courts than an assault against a stranger or a bar fight, for example.

Driving While Prohibited

Driving while prohibited from doing so can attract charges under both the Criminal Code and the Highway Traffic Act. Regardless of the legislation, one is charged under, the penalties may include fines, jail time, driving prohibition orders, and insurance implications.

Drug Offences

Drug-related offences are among some of the more serious charges prosecuted in Canada and more often than not, involve Charter litigation of some sort. Possession, trafficking, production and importing are all types of drug offences that can come with serious long term consequences if convicted.

Environmental Prosecutions

Environmental laws seeking to prevent pollution and protect resources place a very strict and heavy onus on both individuals and businesses to comply with certain standards. Violations for these regulatory types of charges can result in very hefty fines and occasionally, jail time upon conviction.


If a person is alleged to have committed a crime in another country, extradition laws may demand that the person be “delivered” by Canada to that country to face the charges. Extradition hearings and appeals are a critical part of that process.

Fail to Remain / Failure to Stop

Failing to remain or stop at the scene of an accident can result in charges under both the Criminal Code and the Highway Traffic Act. While the potential penalties can be serious, including mandatory minimum fines and/or jail time, there are various defences available which relate to the personal circumstances and knowledge of the accused.

Fingerprint Destruction

When a person is charged with an offence, part of the arrest procedure involves the police taking your fingerprints and photographs. If you are found not guilty or your charges are withdrawn, or you receive a non-conviction result, you can apply to have your fingerprints and photographs taken upon arrest destroyed, sometimes after a specific period of time.


Fraud encompasses a very broad spectrum of criminal activity under Canadian criminal law and can carry severe penalties, depending on the type of fraud and level of sophistication alleged. Findings of guilt for these types of offences also have serious implications on a person’s future including employment.

Highway Traffic Act Offences

The Highway Traffic Act are regulatory offences that can come with severe penalties such as hefty fines or even jail time. Convictions for most of these offences will often also effect a person’s vehicle insurance and ability to drive.

Human Trafficking

Human trafficking offences are very serious charges that relate to recruiting or controlling the movement of people for explorative purposes. These charges are most commonly seen alongside (relatively) less-serious charges around the commodification of sexual services in relation to conduct colloquially known as “pimping.”

Identity Theft

The offence of Identity Theft targets certain conduct taken to prepare for various offences involving fraud, deceit, or falsehood. If police, rightly or wrongly, think you are collecting certain information for that criminal purpose you can be charged with Identity Theft without ever committing, or even attempting, any other crime.

Immigration Prosecutions

Offences under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act can have very serious consequences.

Impaired Driving (DUI)

Impaired driving offences in Ontario are a criminal category of driving offences that are very strictly prosecuted and are subject to mandatory minimum penalties. These offences can involve more than what people think of as “drunk driving”.


Importing is one of the most serious category of offences under Canadian criminal and regulatory laws. Importing drugs is a common category of this offence. However, a person can also be charged with other “contraband” substances or items without appropriate licences and compliance with Canadian importing regulations.

Internet Related Charges

The widespread use of the internet in our society has expanded the types of offences people can face under this category. From “cyber-bullying” to criminal harassment to possession or transmission of child pornography, crimes involving the investigation or use of the internet can turn simple matters into extremely complex cases involving Charter litigation and privacy laws.

License Suspensions

A driver’s licence suspension can have a devastating impact on people’s lives. Whether facing criminal charges are not, there are various reasons why one’s licence may be suspended, and the length of the suspension will depend on a number of factors.


Mischief encompasses a broad spectrum of activity under the Criminal Code, and the penalties vary significantly depending on the type of mischief and the complexity of the matter.

Murder / Culpable Homicide

Murder is the most serious crime a person can be charged with in this country. The amount of proof regarding the “planning” and “deliberation” of the murder is a key consideration for whether a person will be charged with first degree, second degree or manslaughter.

Obstruction of Justice

The criminal justice system takes charges of Obstruction of Justice and Obstruction of Police very seriously. It is important to obtain legal representation that takes your case just as seriously, and has the expertise to navigate the nuances of these broadly constructed prohibitions


If a person has been found guilty of any criminal offence, they may be eligible to apply for what is now called a Record Suspension after a certain period of time. The types of charges, the sentences the person received and the dates they were sentenced are all key factors in determining whether a person would qualify or not.

Parole Hearings

Parole Hearings are unique proceedings at the post-conviction stage. There are numerous federal statues, including the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, that guide the Parole Board of Canada when it comes to assessing parole eligibility.

Peace Bonds

A peace bond is a court order issued by a judge. It is an agreement entered into whereby a person promises to keep the peace and be of good behaviour, in addition to other potential conditions, for a specific period of time. A peace bond does not require an individual to plead guilty or admit fault. You can either enter into a peace bond as an accused, or apply to obtain a peace bond against someone else.


The law defines possession very broadly based on “knowledge, consent and control”. That is why a person can be charged with possession of illicit drugs or a weapon for simply being in the same place where the item was found.


Regardless of how large or small the quantity of drugs, you can face jail time and other penalties for growing marijuana or producing other controlled substances. The severity of the punishment will depend on many factors, including the Accused prior history, the type of drug and the amount of drugs involved.

Professional Disciplinary Proceedings

Doctors, nurses, teachers and lawyers are a few examples of professionals who are governed by regulatory bodies that impose rules and bylaws that must be followed by their profession. Any rule-breaking can result in the person facing disciplinary sanctions that could impact whether or not they are allowed to continue working in that field.

Professional Regulation

Doctors, nurses, teachers and lawyers are a few examples of professionals who are governed by regulatory bodies that impose rules and bylaws that must be followed by their profession. Any rule-breaking can result in the person facing disciplinary sanctions that could impact whether or not they are allowed to continue working in that field.

Quasi-Criminal Prosecutions

There are many federal and provincial laws in addition to the criminal offences under the Criminal Code and Controlled Substances Act that result in penalties that can be as severe as the ones found in criminal law. Convictions for these “quasi-criminal” offences can include hefty fines and even jail time.


Robbery often involves the use or threat of force while stealing or attempting to steal property. For example, a person can be charged with robbery for demanding another person’s phone or wallet, even if there is no weapon involved.

Sexual Assault

Sexual assault and other sex-related offences are among the most serious criminal charges a person can face. If convicted, these charges have serious penalties that include the potential for stigmatization and jeopardizing future job prospects.

Tax Prosecutions

Tax evasion and falsifying or filing misleading information in tax returns can result in criminal or quasi-criminal charges with severe penalties including hefty fines and sometimes even jail time. This is a complex category of offences involving overlapping areas of law and multiple statutes.


Theft is a broad category of property-related offences that can come with severe penalties depending on the circumstances. From a simple shop-lifting type of charge to large-scale “white-collar” fraud schemes, a conviction for theft can have serious long-term consequences for a person found guilty of this offence.


Drug Trafficking cases should be taken very seriously. In addition to imprisonment, a conviction for this offence can have significant consequences on one’s life and liberty. It is imperative to have an experienced defence lawyer to represent you if you are charged.

Uttering Threats

There are numerous ways to commit the offence of uttering threats, and the potential punishment will depend on how the threat was made and any collateral consequences to the threat. An assessment of whether something amounts to a “threat” is highly contextual.


Voyeurism is the offence of secretly watching or recording someone in certain private circumstances or for a sexual purpose. It is also illegal to share voyeuristic recordings or possess them for the purpose of sharing them. Voyeurism captures a wide array of conduct and the defences available to it are legally and factually nuanced.

Weapons Offences

Weapons-related offences are also among some of the more serious charges prosecuted in Canada. The specific use of any item, depending on the context, can lead to allegations involving “weapons”.

Youth Criminal Justice Act

The Canadian criminal justice system allows youth to be treated differently from adults in most situations when they are charged with a criminal offence. If a person is between the ages of 12 and 17 and are charged with a criminal offence, the prosecution of the case must follow the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

* Practicing in association, but not partnership with Caramanna, Friedberg LLP


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