Award Winning Criminal Lawyers - Accepting Criminal Cases in Newmarket Ontario

From October 4 to 29, 2021, Canadian Lawyer Magazine conducted a survey to select the top boutique criminal law firms in Canada. From an extensive list of candidates, respondents ranked the top firms in this category in Canada, including Newmarket in the Region in Ontario. Survey participants were asked to rank the top criminal law firms by region. Voters chose ten top boutique criminal law firms in Ontario, with Caramanna Friedberg LLP being selected as one of the top ten.

Caramanna, Friedberg LLP is a leading criminal defence law firm located in Ontario. The firm provides comprehensive legal advice and vigorously protects the rights of clients facing criminal charges including the following.

  • Domestic Assault: forcible confinement, utter threats, mischief to property;
  • Sexual Offences: sexual assault, sexual exploitation, invitation to sexual touching, sexual interference;
  • Drinking and Driving Offences: impaired driving, over 80, refuse breath sample, dangerous driving, fail to remain;
  • Drug Offences: drug trafficking, drug possession, possession for the purpose of trafficking, drug importation, conspiracy to traffic drugs, drug production and grow-ops;
  • Bail Hearings: bail hearings for all offences, bail revocation hearings, bail reviews, bail variations, bail estreatment hearings;
  • Assault: non-domestic assault, aggravated assault, assault with a weapon, assault causing bodily harm, assaulting a police officer;
  • Property Crimes: theft, shoplifting, possession of stolen property, possession of burglar tools, robbery, mischief under $5,000;
  • Homicide: murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, criminal negligence causing death;
  • Weapons Offences: possession of a weapon, weapons dangerous, carry concealed weapon, possession of guns;
  • Fraud: including large-scale frauds, uttering forged documents, breaches of trust, impersonation;
  • Harassment: criminal harassment;
  • Administration of Justice Crimes: fail to comply with bail, obstruct police, obstruct justice, perjury, fail to appear, public mischief
  • Criminal Law Appeals: appeals of conviction and sentence, bail pending appeal, crown initiated appeals, appeals of POA charges;
  • Extradition: to foreign countries and transfer of prisoners from foreign countries to Canada.

Directions from the Following Streets

Adam Pl, Aileen Ave, Ainsworth Dr, Alex doner Dr, Alexander Rd, Alf neely Way, Alfred Crt, Alfred smith Way, Allan Ave, Allure St, Amberlee Crt, Amelia St, Andrew St, Appleton Crt, Arden Ave, Armitage Dr, Arnold Cres, Art west Ave, Art westlake Ave, Arthur St, Asa St, Ashley Pl, Ashton Rd, Ashworth Dr, Aspenwood Dr, Astor Dr, Ataire Rd, Atkins Dr, Aubrey Crt, Aurora Rd, Austinpaul Dr, Avenue Rd, Bahen Crt, Ballard Cres, Banbrooke Cres, Banksia Crt, Bartholomew Dr, Bathurst St, Bayley Crt, Bayview Ave, Bayview Pky, Beare Trail, Beechwood Cres, Belfry Dr, Beman Dr, Bennett St, Bennington Rd, Bergin Rd, Bernhardt Rd, Bert budd Ave, Best Cir, Beswick Dr, Bexhill Rd, Billings Cres, Binns Ave, Birchwood Dr, Birkdale Pl, Blackhall Cres, Blackstock Rd, Blencowe Cres, Blue ridge Trail, Bob gapp Dr, Bob scott Crt, Bogart Ave, Bogart mill Trail, Bolton Ave, Bondi Ave, Bonshaw Ave, Boothbay Cres, Borden Ave, Borland Crt, Boronia Cres, Bosworth Crt, Botany hill Cres, Bothwell Cres, Botsford St, Brammar St, Brandy lane Way, Bravo Lane, Bray Cir, Brickell Rd, Brimson Dr, Bristol Rd, Brooker Ridge, Brooks howard Crt, Brookstone Pl, Broughton Lane, Brown Crt, Brunton Pl, Buckingham Rd, Bulmer Cres, Burford St, Burgess Cres, Burling Pl, Caldwell St, Cane Pky, Capella St, Caradonna Cres, Carberry St, Cardinal Cres, Caribou valley Cir, Carlisle St, Carlissa Run, Carlson Dr, Carm shier Crt, Carol Ave, Carr Cir, Carruthers Ave, Cassie Rd, Cawthra Blvd, Cedar St, Cedarwood Ave, Cenotaph Blvd, Chaleur Pl, Chambers Cres, Charles St, Charlotte St, Cherrywood Dr, Cheryl mews Blvd, Chester Ave, Chilcott Cres, Church St, Clancey Cres, Clay stones St, Clearmeadow Blvd, Clematis Rd, Cliff gunn Rd, Clifford perry Pl, Cloverdale Crt, Coachwhip Trail, Cody Cres, Coleridge Dr, College manor Dr, College St, Colter St, Columbia Crt, Columbus Way, Comfort Lane, Concession St, Cotter St, Court St, Coventry hill Trail, Creebridge Cres, Creekfront Way, Crescent Rd, Cresta rider Pl, Crone Crt, Crossland Gate, Crowder Blvd, Crowther Dr, Crusader Way, Culler Mews, Currey Cres, Dales Ave, Damascus Crt, D'arcy St, Darlington Cres, David wright Crt, Davis Dr, Dawson manor Blvd, Dean burton Lane, Deerfield Rd, Delano Way, Denise Cir, Denne Blvd, Dennie Ave, Derby Crt, Devanjan Cir, Dillman Ave, Dixon Blvd, Doak Lane, Don mor Dr, Donald Crt, Donlin Ave, Dorchester Crt, Dorchester St, Doris Cres, Doubletree Lane, Doug duncan Dr, Dover Cres, Dowson Loop, Doyle Crt, Druery Crt, Dufferin St, Dundonald Trail, Durham Crt, Dutch elliott Crt, Eagle St, Easthill Crt, Eastman Cres, Eden Crt, Edward Ave, Edward St, Elgin St, Ella Crt, Ellen St, Elm St, Elman Cres, Elvidge Trail, Emerson Way, Emily Grove, Emma broadbent Crt, Emma Rd, Enza Crt, Erin Trail, Ernest cousins Cir, Eves Crt, Exceller Cir, Exeter Crt, Fadine Rd, Fairway Gdns, Far north Cir, Faulkner Ave, Fernbank Rd, Ferndale Cres, Filiberto Pl, Firth Crt, Flagstone Way, Flanagan Crt, Ford wilson Blvd, Forest glen Rd, Forestview Trail, Forhan Ave, Forsyth Rd, Foxcroft Blvd, Foxlair Crt, Foxtail Ridge, Frank hempen Crt, Franklin St, Fred evans Crt, Fred hagan Crt, Frederick curran Lane, Gagnon Pl, Gail parks Cres, Gaston Pl, Geer Terr, George St, Gerald brady Lane, Gibney Cres, Gibson Crt, Gilpin Dr, Gladman Ave, Glenrose Rd, Glenview heights Lane, Glenville Rd, Glenway Cir, Glover Lane, Goldsmith Cres, Goodyear Cres, Gord clelland Gate, Gordon Cir, Gorham St, Goring Cir, Grace St, Graham side Rd, Grainger Trail, Granby Pl, Grant blight Cres, Greenfield Cres, Greenvalley Cir, Greig Cir, Groves Terr, Gwillimbury Rd, Haines Rd, Hamilton Dr, Hamilton St, Hampton Crt, Handley Cres, Hans pfaff Crt, Harden Trail, Harding park St, Harewood Blvd, Harrison Dr, Harry beer Crt, Harry douglas St, Harry syratt Ave, Harry walker Pky, Hartford Cres, Hawkwing Crt, Hazelwood Dr, Heddle Cres, Helena Crt, Helmer Ave, Heman St, Herbcain Ave, Heron Trail, Herridge Cir, Heswall Lane, Hewitt Cir, Hibiscus Crt, Highland Ave, Highland blade Rd, Hill Gate, Hill St, Hillview Dr, Hilton Blvd, Hilton byrne Crt, Hodgson Dr, Holgate Cir, Hollander Rd, Hope Cir, Hopper Lane, Howard Rd, Howlett Ave, Humeniuk Crt, Huron heights Dr, Hutchcroft Crt, Inniscarra Gate, Irwin Cres, Isaac phillips Way, Ivsbridge Blvd, Jacarandah Dr, Jack giles Cir, Jack rettie Crt, Jackson Crt, James Ave, Janette St, Jeff smith Crt, Jefferson St, Jelley Ave, Jim barber Crt, Joe persechini Dr, John bowser Cres, John cole Crt, John St, John's siderd St, Jordanray Blvd, Joseph St, Journey's end Cir, Julia Crt, Juliana Rd, Kalinda Rd, Karl rose Trail, Kathryn Cres, Keele St, Keffer Cir, Keith Ave, Kelly Cres, Ken bishop Way, Kennedy Rd, Kensit Ave, Kent Dr, Kerrisdale Blvd, King St, Kingdale Rd, Kingsmere Ave, Kingston Rd, Kinrara Crt, Kirby Cres, Knapton Dr, Knott end Cres, Krista Crt, Kwapis Blvd, La quinta Lane, Laker Crt, Lambeth Crt, Lancaster Ave, Landresse Crt, Laplante St, Laurelwood Gate, Lavas Rd, Leeder Crt, Legge Crt, Legion Ave, Legresley Lane, Lemar Rd, Leslie St, Leslie valley Dr, Lewis Dr, Lexus Crt, Limpert Terr, Lindsay Ave, Lipchey Rd, Little Crt, Liverpool Rd, Lloyd Ave, Lockwood Cir, Loggers Trail, London Rd, Londry Crt, Longford Dr, Lorne Ave, Lowe Blvd, Lowell Ave, Luck Crt, Luesby Lane, Lumsden Dr, Lundys Lane, Lydia St, Lyman Blvd, Macedonia Crt, Maciver Blvd, Macnab Gate, Madeline Hts, Mae brooks Dr, Magnolia Ave, Maguire Rd, Main St, Malton Rd, Malvern Cres, Manchester Dr, Manning Cres, Mantopic Rd, Maple hill Crt, Maple St, Marble Pl, Mariner Lane, Market Sq, Marlin Crt, Marsden Crt, Mary St, Mathews Crt, Matthew boyd Cres, Maurice Crt, Mcbean Ave, Mcbride Cres, Mccaffrey Rd, Mccauley Crt, Mcconnell Lane, Mccowan Rd, Mccron Cres, Mcgregor farm Trail, Mcintyre Crt, Mckinnon Crt, Mclaren Dr, Mclaren St, Mctavish Dr, Meadow Lane, Meadowbank Rd, Mee Pl, Meegan Crt, Memorial Cir, Memorial gardens Way, Menczel Cres, Mickleburgh Dr, Millard Ave, Mitchell Pl, Monkswood Cres, Morley cook Cres, Mossbank Crt, Mountview Pl, Mulock Crt, Mulock Dr, Muriel St, Mynden Way, Narinia Cres, Needler Cres, Nellie little Cres, Nelson Cir, Nesbitt Rd, New england Crt, Newbury Dr, Newpark Blvd, Newton St, Niagara St, Nicholson Rd, Norsan Crt, Northern prospect Cres, Norwick Rd, Oak St, Oaktree Cres, Oakwood Crt, Old bathurst St, On bogart Cir, Ontario St, Orchid Gdns, Orsi Dr, Osborne family Way, Osler Crt, Osmond Cres, Otton Rd, Pam Cres, Park Ave, Park Crt, Parkside Dr, Parkview Cres, Parnham Ave, Patterson St, Patti mcculloch Way, Paxton Cres, Pearson St, Peevers Cres, Pelletier Crt, Pembridge Crt, Penn Ave, Penrose St, Percy wright Rd, Perrin Ave, Peter hall Dr, Peterwood Crt, Petheram Pl, Pickering Cres, Pinder Ave, Pine St, Plantation Gate, Playter Cres, Pleasantview Ave, Plymouth Trail, Ponting Pl, Pony Dr, Poplar Lane, Poppy Lane, Portland Cres, Portminster Crt, Premier Pl, Prest Way, Priddle Rd, Primrose Lane, Pritchard Pl, Prospect St, Pucks Pl, Quaker Trail, Quantra Cres, Queen St, Queen's Cres, Queen's Lane, Quick St, Raglan St, Ralston Cres, Rannie Rd, Ray snow Blvd, Reading Pl, Red deer St, Red river Cres, Reg harrison Trail, Renzius Crt, Revell Rd, Rhodes Cir, Richard Ave, Riddell Crt, Ringwell Dr, Riordan Crt, Ritas Ave, Roadhouse Blvd, Robellino Crt, Robin Crt, Robinson Dr, Rockway Crt, Roeder Crt, Rogers Rd, Ross patrick Cres, Rourke Pl, Roxborough Rd, Roywood Cres, Rushbrook Dr, Rutledge Ave, Rye Cres, Salisbury Lane, Sandford St, Sandy ridge Crt, Savage Rd, Sawmill valley Dr, Scott Ave, Second St, Secretariate Rd, Selby Cres, Seneca Crt, Septonne Ave, Shadrach Dr, Shanahan Blvd, Sheffield St, Sheldon Ave, Sheridan Crt, Sherman brock Cir, Sherwood Pl, Shoniker Dr, Shortreed Terr, Silken laumann Dr, Silverbirch Dr, Simcoe St, Simon St, Simpson Rd, Sir ivor Crt, Sisler Ave, Skelton St, Skinner Ave, Skye Crt, Sloss Crt, Society Cres, Solstice Cir, Somerville Dr, Southwind Crt, Sparrow Rd, Spillette Crt, Spruce grove Cres, Srigley St, Stafford Pl, Stanley St, Stellar Dr, Stellick Ave, Steven Crt, Stewart St, Stickwood Crt, Stiver Dr, Stonehaven Ave, Strawberry Lane, Stuffles Cres, Sunnypoint Dr, Superior St, Surgeoner Cres, Surin Crt, Sutherland Ave, Sweetwater Cres, Sydor Crt, Sykes Rd, Talbot Cres, Tallantine Pl, Tango Cres, Tapestry Lane, Tecumseth St, Tegal Pl, Terry carter Cres, Terry Dr, Thoms Cres, Thornwillow Crt, Three seasons Dr, Timothy St, Tom taylor Cres, Towercrest Dr, Trailhead Ave, Traviss Dr, Tugwell Pl, Twinney Dr, United Cir, Urbana Lane, Vale Ave, Valley green Trail, Vanden bergh Blvd, Vantage Loop, Veale Pl, Vermont Ave, Vernon Pl, Veterans Way, Vice regent Pl, Victoria St, Vincent St, Vivant St, Vivian Rd, Wainscot Ave, Wakefield Pl, Walpole Cres, Walsh Crt, Walter Ave, Waratah Ave, Warby Trail, Warden Ave, Warner Cres, Warwick Cres, Water St, Watson Ave, Wayne Dr, Webb Crt, Weddel Crt, Wellington St, Wendy culbert Cres, Wesley St, Widdifield Ave, Wilbur pipher Cir, Wildrush Pl, Wildwood Dr, Wilhelmina Rd, William booth Ave, William curtis Cir, William dunn Cres, William linton Trail, William roe Blvd, William St, Williamson family Hollow, Willow Lane, Willowick Dr, Wilstead Dr, Wimbleton Crt, Winkworth Crt, Wolf run Crt, Wood duck Lane, Woodbine Ave, Woodbury Cres, Woodfern Way, Woodhaven Crt, Woodheath Lane, Woodland Crt, Woodlot Crt, Woodmount Pl, Woodpark Pl, Woodspring Ave, Yarfield Cres, Yonge St, Yorkshire Dr

We Represent Criminal Clients in Newmarket Ontario

Read What Our Clients Are Saying

My experience with the team at Caramanna Friedberg was outstanding. They represented me relentlessly and treated me with dignity throughout the entire process, achieving extraordinary results. Thanks for everything, guys!"

Ang Iantosca

Matthew Friedberg is an exceptional lawyer. I used him for a complicated legal matter, and he went above and beyond to get the case dismissed. He always returns phone calls, text messages and emails promptly. I would recommend using this law firm for any legal matters.

Arlene F

Matthew and His firm are the best advocates for people in need of help because they have hearts. For them, it’s not about the money. It’s about the person that they are defending and advocating for. They handle their cases with such passion and conviction and will go till the end of the earth to get the best outcome for their client.....this is what makes them the best in the country.


Matthew and his firm are the best advocates for people in need of help because they have hearts. For them, it’s not about the money. It’s about the person that they are defending and advocating for. They handle their cases with such passion and conviction and will go to the end of the earth to get the best outcome for their client. This is what makes them the best in the country.

Janice Benatar

Janice Benatar

Areas of Practice


There are numerous ways an individual can commit arson under the Criminal Code, and the penalties can be severe. Depending on level of damage and injury caused, one can face a maximum punishment of life imprisonment.

Assault with a Weapon

Assault with a weapon is a more serious charge than “simple assault”, but is a very broadly defined type of offence. A person can be charged with assault with a weapon even if they did not actually strike the other person. Depending on the context in which it is used, any item can be considered a “weapon”.

Bail Hearings

The first step after a person is charged with any offence is determining how they will be released pending the outcome of their case. People who have criminal records or are facing serious charges are often held for a bail hearing.

Bail Reviews

If a person is denied bail, they may bring a Bail Review. Bail Reviews require a review of the bail hearing proceedings and the legal and factual issues involved at the bail hearing. They require the preparation of specific materials that must be filed with the reviewing Court.

Breach of Probation

Failure to abide by the terms of your probation order can result in new, additional criminal charges. The penalties you can face for a breach of probation charge may be more serious than the original sentence you were serving.

Break & Enter

Breaking and entering is a very serious offence that has the potential to result in a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. “Home invasions” are a more serious category to this type of charge. A person can be charged with break & entering even if no items are stolen.

Careless Driving

Careless Driving is a quasi-criminal offence prosecuted under the Highway Traffic Act. What is considered careless driving is extremely broad, and the penalties can include fines, jail time, a driving suspension, the loss of demerit points, and increased insurance rates.

Charter Applications

Under Canadian laws, everyone is granted specific fundamental rights under The Charter of Rights and Freedoms. If applicable to the case, potential Charter violations could result in the exclusion of important evidence or a stay of proceedings.

Child Pornography

Being accused of a child pornography offence can be both shocking and terrifying. Defendants with experienced criminal defence counsel, like those at Caramanna Friedberg, are best situated to control their legal jeopardy and limit the damage to their reputation.


It only takes agreement between two people to form a conspiracy, and police can charge you for one even if you never took any other steps to commit the alleged offence. It is important to have legal assistance and representation when facing a conspiracy charge, not just because of the relatively low evidentiary threshold the prosecution needs to meet in a conspiracy case, but also because conspiracy cases often involve complex and nuanced exceptions to normal evidentiary rules that can easily trip-up those unfamiliar with criminal law.

Coroner's Inquests

A Coroner’s Inquest is a public hearing that investigates the who, what, when, where and how of a person’s death. Depending on the circumstances of the person’s death, sometimes a Coroner’s inquest is mandatory.

Corporate Criminal Due Diligence

Because corporations can be found criminally liable for the actions of even relatively low-level employees, criminal and quasi-criminal liability is a significant legal and reputational risk for corporate entities. Getting the legal advice necessary to engage in active due diligence can help reduce this risk to a manageable level and ensure you have legal defences ready if employees go

Criminal Appeals

There are a myriad of reasons why a judicial decision requires the appellate review. It is open to both Crown and Defence to appeal a judge’s decision regarding the accused’s conviction and/or sentence.

Criminal Harassment

The type of behaviour that falls under the offence of Criminal Harassment ranges from repeated texts all the way to stalking or threatening. The potential penalties vary depending on the factual matrix and how aggravating the conduct was.

Dangerous Offender Applications

A dangerous offender application by prosecutors can lead to the permanent loss of a defendant’s liberty. Defending against such an application requires both careful planning and the experience to navigate complex law and factual circumstances.

Dangerous Operation

Dangerous Operation of a Motor Vehicle can result in serious jail time and mandatory minimum fines depending on whether how the Crown elects to prosecute. What is considered “dangerous” driving behaviour involves an assessment of many factors.

Domestic Assault

Charges involving a “domestic” relationship are sometimes more complex and are often dealt with differently in the criminal Courts than an assault against a stranger or a bar fight, for example.

Driving While Prohibited

Driving while prohibited from doing so can attract charges under both the Criminal Code and the Highway Traffic Act. Regardless of the legislation, one is charged under, the penalties may include fines, jail time, driving prohibition orders, and insurance implications.

Drug Offences

Drug-related offences are among some of the more serious charges prosecuted in Canada and more often than not, involve Charter litigation of some sort. Possession, trafficking, production and importing are all types of drug offences that can come with serious long term consequences if convicted.

Environmental Prosecutions

Environmental laws seeking to prevent pollution and protect resources place a very strict and heavy onus on both individuals and businesses to comply with certain standards. Violations for these regulatory types of charges can result in very hefty fines and occasionally, jail time upon conviction.


If a person is alleged to have committed a crime in another country, extradition laws may demand that the person be “delivered” by Canada to that country to face the charges. Extradition hearings and appeals are a critical part of that process.

Fail to Remain / Failure to Stop

Failing to remain or stop at the scene of an accident can result in charges under both the Criminal Code and the Highway Traffic Act. While the potential penalties can be serious, including mandatory minimum fines and/or jail time, there are various defences available which relate to the personal circumstances and knowledge of the accused.

Fingerprint Destruction

When a person is charged with an offence, part of the arrest procedure involves the police taking your fingerprints and photographs. If you are found not guilty or your charges are withdrawn, or you receive a non-conviction result, you can apply to have your fingerprints and photographs taken upon arrest destroyed, sometimes after a specific period of time.


Fraud encompasses a very broad spectrum of criminal activity under Canadian criminal law and can carry severe penalties, depending on the type of fraud and level of sophistication alleged. Findings of guilt for these types of offences also have serious implications on a person’s future including employment.

Highway Traffic Act Offences

The Highway Traffic Act are regulatory offences that can come with severe penalties such as hefty fines or even jail time. Convictions for most of these offences will often also effect a person’s vehicle insurance and ability to drive.

Human Trafficking

Human trafficking offences are very serious charges that relate to recruiting or controlling the movement of people for explorative purposes. These charges are most commonly seen alongside (relatively) less-serious charges around the commodification of sexual services in relation to conduct colloquially known as “pimping.”

Identity Theft

The offence of Identity Theft targets certain conduct taken to prepare for various offences involving fraud, deceit, or falsehood. If police, rightly or wrongly, think you are collecting certain information for that criminal purpose you can be charged with Identity Theft without ever committing, or even attempting, any other crime.

Immigration Prosecutions

Offences under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act can have very serious consequences.

Impaired Driving (DUI)

Impaired driving offences in Ontario are a criminal category of driving offences that are very strictly prosecuted and are subject to mandatory minimum penalties. These offences can involve more than what people think of as “drunk driving”.


Importing is one of the most serious category of offences under Canadian criminal and regulatory laws. Importing drugs is a common category of this offence. However, a person can also be charged with other “contraband” substances or items without appropriate licences and compliance with Canadian importing regulations.

Internet Related Charges

The widespread use of the internet in our society has expanded the types of offences people can face under this category. From “cyber-bullying” to criminal harassment to possession or transmission of child pornography, crimes involving the investigation or use of the internet can turn simple matters into extremely complex cases involving Charter litigation and privacy laws.

License Suspensions

A driver’s licence suspension can have a devastating impact on people’s lives. Whether facing criminal charges are not, there are various reasons why one’s licence may be suspended, and the length of the suspension will depend on a number of factors.


Mischief encompasses a broad spectrum of activity under the Criminal Code, and the penalties vary significantly depending on the type of mischief and the complexity of the matter.

Murder / Culpable Homicide

Murder is the most serious crime a person can be charged with in this country. The amount of proof regarding the “planning” and “deliberation” of the murder is a key consideration for whether a person will be charged with first degree, second degree or manslaughter.

Obstruction of Justice

The criminal justice system takes charges of Obstruction of Justice and Obstruction of Police very seriously. It is important to obtain legal representation that takes your case just as seriously, and has the expertise to navigate the nuances of these broadly constructed prohibitions


If a person has been found guilty of any criminal offence, they may be eligible to apply for what is now called a Record Suspension after a certain period of time. The types of charges, the sentences the person received and the dates they were sentenced are all key factors in determining whether a person would qualify or not.

Parole Hearings

Parole Hearings are unique proceedings at the post-conviction stage. There are numerous federal statues, including the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, that guide the Parole Board of Canada when it comes to assessing parole eligibility.

Peace Bonds

A peace bond is a court order issued by a judge. It is an agreement entered into whereby a person promises to keep the peace and be of good behaviour, in addition to other potential conditions, for a specific period of time. A peace bond does not require an individual to plead guilty or admit fault. You can either enter into a peace bond as an accused, or apply to obtain a peace bond against someone else.


The law defines possession very broadly based on “knowledge, consent and control”. That is why a person can be charged with possession of illicit drugs or a weapon for simply being in the same place where the item was found.


Regardless of how large or small the quantity of drugs, you can face jail time and other penalties for growing marijuana or producing other controlled substances. The severity of the punishment will depend on many factors, including the Accused prior history, the type of drug and the amount of drugs involved.

Professional Disciplinary Proceedings

Doctors, nurses, teachers and lawyers are a few examples of professionals who are governed by regulatory bodies that impose rules and bylaws that must be followed by their profession. Any rule-breaking can result in the person facing disciplinary sanctions that could impact whether or not they are allowed to continue working in that field.

Professional Regulation

Doctors, nurses, teachers and lawyers are a few examples of professionals who are governed by regulatory bodies that impose rules and bylaws that must be followed by their profession. Any rule-breaking can result in the person facing disciplinary sanctions that could impact whether or not they are allowed to continue working in that field.

Quasi-Criminal Prosecutions

There are many federal and provincial laws in addition to the criminal offences under the Criminal Code and Controlled Substances Act that result in penalties that can be as severe as the ones found in criminal law. Convictions for these “quasi-criminal” offences can include hefty fines and even jail time.


Robbery often involves the use or threat of force while stealing or attempting to steal property. For example, a person can be charged with robbery for demanding another person’s phone or wallet, even if there is no weapon involved.

Sexual Assault

Sexual assault and other sex-related offences are among the most serious criminal charges a person can face. If convicted, these charges have serious penalties that include the potential for stigmatization and jeopardizing future job prospects.

Tax Prosecutions

Tax evasion and falsifying or filing misleading information in tax returns can result in criminal or quasi-criminal charges with severe penalties including hefty fines and sometimes even jail time. This is a complex category of offences involving overlapping areas of law and multiple statutes.


Theft is a broad category of property-related offences that can come with severe penalties depending on the circumstances. From a simple shop-lifting type of charge to large-scale “white-collar” fraud schemes, a conviction for theft can have serious long-term consequences for a person found guilty of this offence.


Drug Trafficking cases should be taken very seriously. In addition to imprisonment, a conviction for this offence can have significant consequences on one’s life and liberty. It is imperative to have an experienced defence lawyer to represent you if you are charged.

Uttering Threats

There are numerous ways to commit the offence of uttering threats, and the potential punishment will depend on how the threat was made and any collateral consequences to the threat. An assessment of whether something amounts to a “threat” is highly contextual.


Voyeurism is the offence of secretly watching or recording someone in certain private circumstances or for a sexual purpose. It is also illegal to share voyeuristic recordings or possess them for the purpose of sharing them. Voyeurism captures a wide array of conduct and the defences available to it are legally and factually nuanced.

Weapons Offences

Weapons-related offences are also among some of the more serious charges prosecuted in Canada. The specific use of any item, depending on the context, can lead to allegations involving “weapons”.

Youth Criminal Justice Act

The Canadian criminal justice system allows youth to be treated differently from adults in most situations when they are charged with a criminal offence. If a person is between the ages of 12 and 17 and are charged with a criminal offence, the prosecution of the case must follow the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

* Practicing in association, but not partnership with Caramanna, Friedberg LLP


We're Here To Help