Award Winning Criminal Lawyers - Accepting Criminal Cases in Niagara Falls Ontario

From October 4 to 29, 2021, Canadian Lawyer Magazine conducted a survey to select the top boutique criminal law firms in Canada. From an extensive list of candidates, respondents ranked the top firms in this category in Canada, including Niagara Falls in the Region in Ontario. Survey participants were asked to rank the top criminal law firms by region. Voters chose ten top boutique criminal law firms in Ontario, with Caramanna Friedberg LLP being selected as one of the top ten.

Caramanna, Friedberg LLP is a leading criminal defence law firm located in Ontario. The firm provides comprehensive legal advice and vigorously protects the rights of clients facing criminal charges including the following.

  • Domestic Assault: forcible confinement, utter threats, mischief to property;
  • Sexual Offences: sexual assault, sexual exploitation, invitation to sexual touching, sexual interference;
  • Drinking and Driving Offences: impaired driving, over 80, refuse breath sample, dangerous driving, fail to remain;
  • Drug Offences: drug trafficking, drug possession, possession for the purpose of trafficking, drug importation, conspiracy to traffic drugs, drug production and grow-ops;
  • Bail Hearings: bail hearings for all offences, bail revocation hearings, bail reviews, bail variations, bail estreatment hearings;
  • Assault: non-domestic assault, aggravated assault, assault with a weapon, assault causing bodily harm, assaulting a police officer;
  • Property Crimes: theft, shoplifting, possession of stolen property, possession of burglar tools, robbery, mischief under $5,000;
  • Homicide: murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, criminal negligence causing death;
  • Weapons Offences: possession of a weapon, weapons dangerous, carry concealed weapon, possession of guns;
  • Fraud: including large-scale frauds, uttering forged documents, breaches of trust, impersonation;
  • Harassment: criminal harassment;
  • Administration of Justice Crimes: fail to comply with bail, obstruct police, obstruct justice, perjury, fail to appear, public mischief
  • Criminal Law Appeals: appeals of conviction and sentence, bail pending appeal, crown initiated appeals, appeals of POA charges;
  • Extradition: to foreign countries and transfer of prisoners from foreign countries to Canada.

Directions from the Following Streets

Abbey Cir, Aberdeen St, Acheson Ave, Adams Ave, Addison Ave, Ailanthus Ave, Ainslie Cres, Aintree Dr, Alderbrae Crt, Alex Ave, Alexander Cres, Alfred St, Alina Crt, Allendale Ave, Alpine Dr, Althea St, Amelia Cres, Andrea Dr, Angela Cres, Angie Dr, Ann St, Anne marie Cres, Apollo Cres, Appleford Ave, Aquarius Cres, Arad St, Ares Crt, Argyll Cres, Arlington Ave, Armelina Cres, Armoury St, Armstrong Dr, Arthur St, Ascot Cir, Ash St, Aspen Crt, Atack Crt, Atlas St, Atlee St, Avery Blvd, Badger Rd, Bailey Ave, Baker Cres, Baker Rd, Baldwin Ave, Balmoral Ave, Bambi Cres, Bampfield St, Banker Ave, Banting Ave, Barbara Dr, Barker St, Barrett Cres, Barron Rd, Barto Cres, Barton Cres, Basswood Cres, Baxter Ave, Beaver glen Dr, Beaver valley Way, Beaverdams Rd, Beaverton Blvd, Beck Rd, Beechwood Rd, Belaire Ave, Belfast Ave, Bell Cres, Bellevue St, Bellevue Terr, Belmont Ave, Bender St, Bernadette Cres, Betty Ave, Biamonte Cres, Biamonte Pky, Birchwood Crt, Bishop Ave, Black forest Cres, Black maple Dr, Blackburn Pky, Blondin Ave, Blue ash Lane, Bond St, Bonnie St, Booth St, Bossert Rd, Bracken St, Brady St, Brant Ave, Breadner Cres, Brian Cres, Briarwood Ave, Bridge St, Bridgewater St, Bristol Cres, Britannia Cres, Brittany Crt, Brock St, Brookdale Dr, Brookfield Ave, Brooks Cres, Brooks St, Brookside Dr, Broughton Ave, Brown Rd, Bruce Ave, Bryanne Crt, Buchanan Ave, Buchner Pl, Buckeye Cres, Buckingham Dr, Buckley Ave, Burbank Cres, Burch Pl, Burdette Dr, Burwood Ave, Butler Pl, Butternut Blvd, Buttrey St, Byng Ave, Cabot Dr, Cadham St, Calaguiro Dr, Caledonia St, Callan St, Cambridge St, Camelot Cres, Cameron Crt, Campbell Ave, Canadian Dr, Canterbury Cres, Cardinal Dr, Cardinal newman Way, Carisa Crt, Carlton Ave, Carman St, Carmella Pl, Carolyn Ave, Carroll Ave, Cartier Dr, Casey St, Caswell St, Catalina St, Cataract Ave, Catharine Cres, Cathedral Dr, Cattell Dr, Cavendish Dr, Cedar St, Centennial St, Centre St, Champlain Dr, Charnwood Ave, Cheesman St, Chelsea Cres, Chemonda St, Cherrygrove Rd, Cherryhill Dr, Cherrywood Rd, Chickory Trail, Chipman Cres, Chippawa creek Rd, Chippawa Pky, Chorozy St, Christine Crt, Christopher Cres, Churchill St, Church's Lane, Cinnamon Grove, Citation Rd, Clare Cres, Clark Ave, Claude Ave, Clendenning St, Cleveland Ave, Clifton Hill, Close Ave, Clubview Lane, Coach Dr, Coholan St, Colangelo Dr, Colborne St, Cole Crt, College Cres, Collins Dr, Concord Cres, Connell Ave, Connor Cres, Cook St, Cookman Cres, Cooper Dr, Corry Cres, Cortina Cres, Corwin Ave, Corwin Cres, Costabile Dr, Cottonwood Dr, Coulson Cres, Courtney Cres, Coventry Rd, Cowan Cres, Crawford Pl, Crawford St, Crescent Rd, Crimson Dr, Cropp St, Crysler Ave, Cullimore Ave, Culp St, Cumberland Crt, Cummings Lane, Cummington Sq, Cuviello Crt, Dalena Pl, Daly St, D'arcy Cres, David Ave, Dawlish Ave, Dawn Cres, Dawson St, Deerbrook St, Deerfield Cres, Delaware St, Dell Ave, Dellpark Dr, Delta Dr, Demetre Cres, Dennis Lane, Depew Ave, Desanka Ave, Desson Ave, Detenbeck Rd, Detroit Ave, Devon Dr, Dewar Ave, Dianne Cres, Dianne St, Dilalla Cres, Dirdene St, Division St, Dixon St, Dock St, Dockweed Dr, Dogwood Cres, Dolphin St, Domenic Cres, Don murie St, Donlee Dr, Dorchester Rd, Doreen Dr, Dores Dr, Douglas Cres, Douglas St, Dovewood Dr, Drake Ave, Drummond Rd, Duke Ave, Dunn St, Dyment Cres, Dyson Ave, Eagle ridge Dr, Eaglewood Dr, Earl thomas Ave, Eastwood Cres, Echo Cir, Eclipse Way, Edenwood Crt, Edward Ave, Elberta Ave, Elderberry Dr, Eldorado Ave, Eleanor Cres, Elgin St, Elizabeth St, Ellen Ave, Ellis Lane, Ellis St, Ellsworth Pl, Elm St, Elmwood Ave, Emerald Ave, Emery St, Emily Blvd, Emma St, Empire Pl, Epsom Crt, Epworth Cir, Erie Ave, Ernest Cres, Erwin Cres, Ethel St, Eton Cres, Eva Crt, Fairfield Pl, Fairlawn Cres, Fairway Rd, Falls Ave, Fallsview Blvd, Fatima Crt, Fausta Blvd, Feren Dr, Ferguson St, Fern Ave, Fernwood Cres, Ferry St, Fiddlehead Lane, Fieldstone Ave, Fifth Ave, Fingland St, Finlay Ave, First Ave, Fleming Dr, Flora Crt, Florence Ave, Flynn Crt, Forest glen Dr, Forest ridge Dr, Forestview Blvd, Forsythe St, Fourth Ave, Foxe Dr, Frances Ave, Francesco Ave, Franklin Ave, Fraser St, Frederica St, Fredonia Dr, Freeman St, Front St, Frontenac St, Fruitbelt Dr, Fruitbelt Pky, Furlong Ave, Gage Crt, Gail Ave, Gainsborough Ave, Galaxy Dr, Galt Cres, Garden St, Garner Rd, George St, Giovina Dr, Gladstone Ave, Glamis Cres, Glavcic Dr, Glen Dr, Glenayr Ave, Glendale Pl, Glendoone St, Glengary St, Glengate St, Glengowan Cres, Glenholme Ave, Glenoaks Ave, Glenview Ave, Glenwood Pl, Glover Rd, Goldenrod Trail, Goodsir Cres, Gore St, Graham St, Green Ave, Green boughs Rd, Green vista Gate, Greendale St, Greenfield Cres, Greenwood St, Grey Ave, Grossi Crt, Grouse Lane, Gunning Dr, Hackberry Trail, Hagar Ave, Hamilton St, Hampton Crt, Hanan Ave, Hanniwell St, Harleyford Cres, Harmony Ave, Harold St, Harovics Lane, Harper Dr, Harriman St, Harte Cir, Harvard Ave, Harvest Cres, Harvey St, Hawkins St, Heartland forest Rd, Heather Ave, Heikoop Cres, Hemlock St, Hendershot Blvd, Henley Ave, Hennepin Cres, Heritage Dr, Heximer Ave, Heywood Ave, Hickory Lane, Hickson Ave, High St, Highland Ave, Hillcrest Cres, Hillsdale Ave, Hiram St, Hodgson Ave, Homestead Cres, Homewood Ave, Hoptree Rd, Houck Dr, Howe Cres, Huggins St, Hunter St, Huron St, Hutton Ave, Hyatt Cres, Imperial Crt, Industrial St, Inglis Dr, Inverness Crt, Ironwood St, Isaac St, Jake Cres, Janet Cres, January Dr, Jeffrey Crt, Jennifer Cres, Jepson St, Jessie Crt, Jill Dr, John St, Johnson Dr, Jolley Cres, Jonathan Dr, Jordan Ave, Joseph Crt, Joyce Ave, Jubilee Dr, Judith Ave, Julie Dr, Juneberry Dr, Jupiter Blvd, Kalar Rd, Kate Ave, Kathleen Cres, Kaumeyer St, Keiffer St, Keith St, Keller St, Kelly Dr, Kelsey Cres, Kendale Crt, Kennedy Crt, Kensington Crt, Kent Ave, Kentucky Crt, Kenwood Crt, Ker St, Kevin Dr, Kilman Pl, Kincaid Pl, King Rd, Kingston Ave, Kingswood Cres, Kinsmen Crt, Kirkland Dr, Kister Rd, Kitchener St, Kiwanis Cres, Kudlac St, Kuhn Cres, Laguna Crt, Lakewood Cres, Lalemant Rd, Lamont Ave, Lapp Rd, Larry's Lane, Latina Cres, Latshaw St, Laura Cres, Lavena Crt, Law Ave, Leader Lane, Leawood Crt, Lee Ave, Leeming St, Legion St, Leonard Ave, Lepp Ave, Level Ave, Levine St, Lewis Ave, Lexington Crt, Linden Ave, Lindsay Cres, Linwood Cres, Lionshead Ave, Locus Ave, Logan Rd, London Crt, Longhouse Lane, Longhurst Ave, Loring Cres, Lorne St, Lovell Pl, Lowell Ave, Loyalist Ave, Lucia Dr, Luna park Crt, Lundy's Lane, Lynhurst Dr, Lyons creek Rd, Lyons Pky, Macdonald Ave, Mackenzie Dr, Macklem St, Macpherson Cres, Madison Cres, Magdalen St, Magnolia Dr, Main St, Maitland St, Malibu Dr, Mann St, Maple St, Maplewood Ave, Maranda St, Marcel Cres, Marco Cres, Marcon St, Margaret St, Marieclaude Ave, Marineland Pky, Marinelli Dr, Marion Ave, Marisa Cres, Marlborough Pl, Marpin Crt, Mars Cres, Marshall Rd, Martin Ave, Mary Dr, Matteo Dr, Matthews Dr, Maureen Cres, May Ave, Mayfair Dr, Maywood St, Mccartney Dr, Mccoll Dr, Mcdougall Cres, Mcgarry Dr, Mcgill St, Mcglashan Cres, Mcgowan Crt, Mcgrail Ave, Mckinless Cres, Mclaren Cres, Mcleod Rd, Mcmicking St, Mcmillan Dr, Mcrae St, Meadowvale Dr, Mears Cres, Mechanic St, Menzie St, Mercury Ave, Merle Cres, Merritt Ave, Mewburn Rd, Michael St, Michelle Crt, Mildred Crt, Miller Rd, Milomir St, Mitchell Ave, Monastery Dr, Monroe St, Montcalm Cres, Monterey Ave, Montrose Rd, Morden Dr, Moretta Dr, Morning glory Crt, Morningstar Rd, Morrison St, Morse Ave, Mouland Ave, Mount carmel Blvd, Mount forest Lane, Mount olive Cres, Mountain Rd, Mountaincrest Ave, Mountaingate Dr, Mountainside St, Mountjoy Crt, Muir Ave, Mulberry Dr, Mulhern St, Mullen Crt, Mundare Cres, Murray St, Nadia Crt, Nancy Cres, Nancy Dr, Nasrullah Cres, Nassau Ave, Nathan Cres, Nelson Cres, Neptune Cres, Nero Cres, Niagara river Pky, Niagara square Dr, Niagara St, Niagara town Line, Nichols Lane, Nightshade St, Niven St, Noella Cres, North dorset Pl, North St, Northgate Ave, Northwood Dr, Norton St, Notre dame Crt, Oakridge Dr, Oakwood Dr, Odell Cres, Odessa Crt, Olden Ave, Oldfield Rd, Oliver St, O'neil St, Ontario Ave, Optimist Lane, Orbit Pl, Orchard Ave, Orchard grove Pky, Oriole Dr, Orlando Dr, Ort Rd, Osprey Ave, Ottawa Ave, Otter St, Oxford St, Paddock trail Dr, Paisley Ave, Palis Cres, Palmer Ave, Pamela Dr, Panama Crt, Park St, Parkdale St, Parklawn Cres, Parkside Rd, Parkview Cres, Parkway Dr, Parkwood Crt, Parliament Ave, Parsa St, Patricia Crt, Patten Cres, Pauline Dr, Pawpaw Lane, Peach Ave, Peer Lane, Peer St, Pell St, Pender St, Perkins St, Peter St, Petrie Crt, Petrullo Crt, Pettit Ave, Pheasant Lane, Philip St, Pin oak Dr, Pine grove Ave, Pinedale Dr, Pinellas park Dr, Pinestone Rd, Pitton Rd, Piva Ave, Pluto Cres, Polloway Rd, Portage Rd, Post Rd, Potter Hts, Powell Ave, Preakness St, President Dr, Preston Ave, Primrose Lane, Prince edward Ave, Princess Cres, Prior Cres, Progress St, Prospect St, Queen St, Queensway Cres, Queensway Gdns, Racey Ave, Rainbow Cres, Ralph Ave, Ramsey Rd, Randy Dr, Rapelje St, Rapids view Dr, Ravine Rd, Recine Crt, Redbud Lane, Redhaven Cres, Regan Dr, Regent Crt, Reilly St, Reixinger Rd, Rendall Cres, Riall St, Rice Cres, Richard Cres, Richmond Cres, Rideau St, Ridgewood Cres, River Lane, River Rd, Robin Ave, Robinson St, Rockcliffe Estate, Rodney St, Roger Cres, Rolling acres Cres, Rolling acres Dr, Ronnie Cres, Roosevelt St, Rosedale Dr, Roseland Cres, Ross St, Rosseau Pl, Royal manor Dr, Russell St, Ryerson Cres, Rysdale St, Sabine Dr, Saint anthony Cres, Saint clair Ave, Saint george Ave, Saint marys Ave, Salisbury Pl, Sam iorfida Dr, Sandhill Dr, Sandy Crt, Sarah St, Sassafras Trail, Sauer Rd, Sauterne Pl, Saw mill Dr, Schanklee St, Scholfield St, Scott St, Sebastian Cres, Second Ave, Secord Pl, Secretariat Crt, Seneca St, Shadbush Lane, Shagbark Ave, Shane Cres, Shannon Dr, Shapton Cres, Sharon Ave, Shaw St, Sheldon St, Sheppard Cres, Sherk Rd, Sherri Ave, Sherrilee Cres, Sherwood Rd, Shirley Ave, Shoveller Dr, Shuttleworth Dr, Sidney St, Siena Crt, Silvan St, Silverstar Crt, Silverwood Cres, Simcoe St, Sinnicks Ave, Sixth Ave, Skinner St, Slater Ave, Sodom Rd, Solar Cres, Solomon Cir, Sootheran Dr, Sophia Ave, Sourgum Ave, Southerland Crt, Southgate Ave, Southview Ave, Southwood Dr, Spence St, Spring blossom Dr, Spring St, Springdale Ave, St andrew Ave, St augustine Cres, St james Ave, St john St, St lawrence Ave, St marks Ave, St michael Ave, St patrick Ave, St paul Ave, St peter Ave, Stacey Dr, Stamford green Dr, Stamford St, Stanley Ave, Stanton Ave, Steele Rd, Stevens St, Stokes St, Stonefield Pk, Stonehaven Ave, Strang Dr, Strathmore Cres, Strohan St, Stuart Ave, Sumac Crt, Summer St, Sunhaven Dr, Sunnylea Cres, Sunrise Crt, Sunset Ave, Susan Cres, Sussex Dr, Swan St, Swayze Dr, Sweet birch Rd, Sweet chestnut Dr, Sycamore Dr, Sylvia Pl, Symmes St, Tad St, Tallgrass Ave, Tampa Crt, Tapestry Crt, Tara Ave, Taylor Rd, Taylor St, Temperance Ave, Terrace Ave, Terravita Dr, Tesla Crt, Thames Cres, Theresa St, Third Ave, Thistledown Lane, Thole Pl, Thomas St, Thompson Rd, Thornhill Cres, Thorold stone Rd, Thorold town Line, Thorold townline Rd, Thorton St, Timothy Cres, Toby Cres, Topaz Cres, Trackview St, Tramore Cres, Trillium Cres, Trinity Crt, Tristar Cres, Tulip tree Dr, Tupelo Cres, Turner Rd, Twidale Ave, University Ave, Upper canada Dr, Uppers Lane, Ussher St, Valentina Cres, Valerie Crt, Valiant St, Valley view Cres, Valley Way, Valour Cres, Van alstyne Pl, Varsity Ave, Vegter Crt, Venus Cres, Victor Dr, Victoria Ave, Village Cres, Vincent St, Vine St, Virginia St, Viscount St, Vivian Crt, Walker Crt, Wallace Cres, Walnut St, Walter Ave, Wanless St, Warden Ave, Warner Rd, Waterloo Dr, Waters Ave, Watson St, Wayne St, Weaver Rd, Wedgewood Cres, Weinbrenner Rd, Welland St, Wellington St, Wendy Dr, Wentworth Ave, Wesley Pl, Westfield Dr, Westminster Dr, Westport Dr, Westwood St, Weyburn Cir, White dove Pky, White oak Ave, White pine Crt, Whitman Ave, Wiens Blvd, Wildrose Cres, Wilinger St, Willey St, Willguard Crt, William St, Willick Rd, Willmott St, Willoughby Dr, Willow Cres, Wills St, Wilson Cres, Wiltshire Blvd, Windermere Rd, Windfield St, Windgate Dr, Windsong Dr, Windsor Cres, Winston St, Woodbine St, Woodfield Ave, Woodgate St, Woodington Rd, Woodland Blvd, Woodside Ave, Woodsview Cres, Yale Cres, York Dr, Yvette Cres, Zimmerman Ave

We Represent Criminal Clients in Niagara Falls Ontario

Read What Our Clients Are Saying

My experience with the team at Caramanna Friedberg was outstanding. They represented me relentlessly and treated me with dignity throughout the entire process, achieving extraordinary results. Thanks for everything, guys!"

Ang Iantosca

Matthew Friedberg is an exceptional lawyer. I used him for a complicated legal matter, and he went above and beyond to get the case dismissed. He always returns phone calls, text messages and emails promptly. I would recommend using this law firm for any legal matters.

Arlene F

Matthew and His firm are the best advocates for people in need of help because they have hearts. For them, it’s not about the money. It’s about the person that they are defending and advocating for. They handle their cases with such passion and conviction and will go till the end of the earth to get the best outcome for their client.....this is what makes them the best in the country.


Matthew and his firm are the best advocates for people in need of help because they have hearts. For them, it’s not about the money. It’s about the person that they are defending and advocating for. They handle their cases with such passion and conviction and will go to the end of the earth to get the best outcome for their client. This is what makes them the best in the country.

Janice Benatar

Janice Benatar

Areas of Practice


There are numerous ways an individual can commit arson under the Criminal Code, and the penalties can be severe. Depending on level of damage and injury caused, one can face a maximum punishment of life imprisonment.

Assault with a Weapon

Assault with a weapon is a more serious charge than “simple assault”, but is a very broadly defined type of offence. A person can be charged with assault with a weapon even if they did not actually strike the other person. Depending on the context in which it is used, any item can be considered a “weapon”.

Bail Hearings

The first step after a person is charged with any offence is determining how they will be released pending the outcome of their case. People who have criminal records or are facing serious charges are often held for a bail hearing.

Bail Reviews

If a person is denied bail, they may bring a Bail Review. Bail Reviews require a review of the bail hearing proceedings and the legal and factual issues involved at the bail hearing. They require the preparation of specific materials that must be filed with the reviewing Court.

Breach of Probation

Failure to abide by the terms of your probation order can result in new, additional criminal charges. The penalties you can face for a breach of probation charge may be more serious than the original sentence you were serving.

Break & Enter

Breaking and entering is a very serious offence that has the potential to result in a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. “Home invasions” are a more serious category to this type of charge. A person can be charged with break & entering even if no items are stolen.

Careless Driving

Careless Driving is a quasi-criminal offence prosecuted under the Highway Traffic Act. What is considered careless driving is extremely broad, and the penalties can include fines, jail time, a driving suspension, the loss of demerit points, and increased insurance rates.

Charter Applications

Under Canadian laws, everyone is granted specific fundamental rights under The Charter of Rights and Freedoms. If applicable to the case, potential Charter violations could result in the exclusion of important evidence or a stay of proceedings.

Child Pornography

Being accused of a child pornography offence can be both shocking and terrifying. Defendants with experienced criminal defence counsel, like those at Caramanna Friedberg, are best situated to control their legal jeopardy and limit the damage to their reputation.


It only takes agreement between two people to form a conspiracy, and police can charge you for one even if you never took any other steps to commit the alleged offence. It is important to have legal assistance and representation when facing a conspiracy charge, not just because of the relatively low evidentiary threshold the prosecution needs to meet in a conspiracy case, but also because conspiracy cases often involve complex and nuanced exceptions to normal evidentiary rules that can easily trip-up those unfamiliar with criminal law.

Coroner's Inquests

A Coroner’s Inquest is a public hearing that investigates the who, what, when, where and how of a person’s death. Depending on the circumstances of the person’s death, sometimes a Coroner’s inquest is mandatory.

Corporate Criminal Due Diligence

Because corporations can be found criminally liable for the actions of even relatively low-level employees, criminal and quasi-criminal liability is a significant legal and reputational risk for corporate entities. Getting the legal advice necessary to engage in active due diligence can help reduce this risk to a manageable level and ensure you have legal defences ready if employees go

Criminal Appeals

There are a myriad of reasons why a judicial decision requires the appellate review. It is open to both Crown and Defence to appeal a judge’s decision regarding the accused’s conviction and/or sentence.

Criminal Harassment

The type of behaviour that falls under the offence of Criminal Harassment ranges from repeated texts all the way to stalking or threatening. The potential penalties vary depending on the factual matrix and how aggravating the conduct was.

Dangerous Offender Applications

A dangerous offender application by prosecutors can lead to the permanent loss of a defendant’s liberty. Defending against such an application requires both careful planning and the experience to navigate complex law and factual circumstances.

Dangerous Operation

Dangerous Operation of a Motor Vehicle can result in serious jail time and mandatory minimum fines depending on whether how the Crown elects to prosecute. What is considered “dangerous” driving behaviour involves an assessment of many factors.

Domestic Assault

Charges involving a “domestic” relationship are sometimes more complex and are often dealt with differently in the criminal Courts than an assault against a stranger or a bar fight, for example.

Driving While Prohibited

Driving while prohibited from doing so can attract charges under both the Criminal Code and the Highway Traffic Act. Regardless of the legislation, one is charged under, the penalties may include fines, jail time, driving prohibition orders, and insurance implications.

Drug Offences

Drug-related offences are among some of the more serious charges prosecuted in Canada and more often than not, involve Charter litigation of some sort. Possession, trafficking, production and importing are all types of drug offences that can come with serious long term consequences if convicted.

Environmental Prosecutions

Environmental laws seeking to prevent pollution and protect resources place a very strict and heavy onus on both individuals and businesses to comply with certain standards. Violations for these regulatory types of charges can result in very hefty fines and occasionally, jail time upon conviction.


If a person is alleged to have committed a crime in another country, extradition laws may demand that the person be “delivered” by Canada to that country to face the charges. Extradition hearings and appeals are a critical part of that process.

Fail to Remain / Failure to Stop

Failing to remain or stop at the scene of an accident can result in charges under both the Criminal Code and the Highway Traffic Act. While the potential penalties can be serious, including mandatory minimum fines and/or jail time, there are various defences available which relate to the personal circumstances and knowledge of the accused.

Fingerprint Destruction

When a person is charged with an offence, part of the arrest procedure involves the police taking your fingerprints and photographs. If you are found not guilty or your charges are withdrawn, or you receive a non-conviction result, you can apply to have your fingerprints and photographs taken upon arrest destroyed, sometimes after a specific period of time.


Fraud encompasses a very broad spectrum of criminal activity under Canadian criminal law and can carry severe penalties, depending on the type of fraud and level of sophistication alleged. Findings of guilt for these types of offences also have serious implications on a person’s future including employment.

Highway Traffic Act Offences

The Highway Traffic Act are regulatory offences that can come with severe penalties such as hefty fines or even jail time. Convictions for most of these offences will often also effect a person’s vehicle insurance and ability to drive.

Human Trafficking

Human trafficking offences are very serious charges that relate to recruiting or controlling the movement of people for explorative purposes. These charges are most commonly seen alongside (relatively) less-serious charges around the commodification of sexual services in relation to conduct colloquially known as “pimping.”

Identity Theft

The offence of Identity Theft targets certain conduct taken to prepare for various offences involving fraud, deceit, or falsehood. If police, rightly or wrongly, think you are collecting certain information for that criminal purpose you can be charged with Identity Theft without ever committing, or even attempting, any other crime.

Immigration Prosecutions

Offences under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act can have very serious consequences.

Impaired Driving (DUI)

Impaired driving offences in Ontario are a criminal category of driving offences that are very strictly prosecuted and are subject to mandatory minimum penalties. These offences can involve more than what people think of as “drunk driving”.


Importing is one of the most serious category of offences under Canadian criminal and regulatory laws. Importing drugs is a common category of this offence. However, a person can also be charged with other “contraband” substances or items without appropriate licences and compliance with Canadian importing regulations.

Internet Related Charges

The widespread use of the internet in our society has expanded the types of offences people can face under this category. From “cyber-bullying” to criminal harassment to possession or transmission of child pornography, crimes involving the investigation or use of the internet can turn simple matters into extremely complex cases involving Charter litigation and privacy laws.

License Suspensions

A driver’s licence suspension can have a devastating impact on people’s lives. Whether facing criminal charges are not, there are various reasons why one’s licence may be suspended, and the length of the suspension will depend on a number of factors.


Mischief encompasses a broad spectrum of activity under the Criminal Code, and the penalties vary significantly depending on the type of mischief and the complexity of the matter.

Murder / Culpable Homicide

Murder is the most serious crime a person can be charged with in this country. The amount of proof regarding the “planning” and “deliberation” of the murder is a key consideration for whether a person will be charged with first degree, second degree or manslaughter.

Obstruction of Justice

The criminal justice system takes charges of Obstruction of Justice and Obstruction of Police very seriously. It is important to obtain legal representation that takes your case just as seriously, and has the expertise to navigate the nuances of these broadly constructed prohibitions


If a person has been found guilty of any criminal offence, they may be eligible to apply for what is now called a Record Suspension after a certain period of time. The types of charges, the sentences the person received and the dates they were sentenced are all key factors in determining whether a person would qualify or not.

Parole Hearings

Parole Hearings are unique proceedings at the post-conviction stage. There are numerous federal statues, including the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, that guide the Parole Board of Canada when it comes to assessing parole eligibility.

Peace Bonds

A peace bond is a court order issued by a judge. It is an agreement entered into whereby a person promises to keep the peace and be of good behaviour, in addition to other potential conditions, for a specific period of time. A peace bond does not require an individual to plead guilty or admit fault. You can either enter into a peace bond as an accused, or apply to obtain a peace bond against someone else.


The law defines possession very broadly based on “knowledge, consent and control”. That is why a person can be charged with possession of illicit drugs or a weapon for simply being in the same place where the item was found.


Regardless of how large or small the quantity of drugs, you can face jail time and other penalties for growing marijuana or producing other controlled substances. The severity of the punishment will depend on many factors, including the Accused prior history, the type of drug and the amount of drugs involved.

Professional Disciplinary Proceedings

Doctors, nurses, teachers and lawyers are a few examples of professionals who are governed by regulatory bodies that impose rules and bylaws that must be followed by their profession. Any rule-breaking can result in the person facing disciplinary sanctions that could impact whether or not they are allowed to continue working in that field.

Professional Regulation

Doctors, nurses, teachers and lawyers are a few examples of professionals who are governed by regulatory bodies that impose rules and bylaws that must be followed by their profession. Any rule-breaking can result in the person facing disciplinary sanctions that could impact whether or not they are allowed to continue working in that field.

Quasi-Criminal Prosecutions

There are many federal and provincial laws in addition to the criminal offences under the Criminal Code and Controlled Substances Act that result in penalties that can be as severe as the ones found in criminal law. Convictions for these “quasi-criminal” offences can include hefty fines and even jail time.


Robbery often involves the use or threat of force while stealing or attempting to steal property. For example, a person can be charged with robbery for demanding another person’s phone or wallet, even if there is no weapon involved.

Sexual Assault

Sexual assault and other sex-related offences are among the most serious criminal charges a person can face. If convicted, these charges have serious penalties that include the potential for stigmatization and jeopardizing future job prospects.

Tax Prosecutions

Tax evasion and falsifying or filing misleading information in tax returns can result in criminal or quasi-criminal charges with severe penalties including hefty fines and sometimes even jail time. This is a complex category of offences involving overlapping areas of law and multiple statutes.


Theft is a broad category of property-related offences that can come with severe penalties depending on the circumstances. From a simple shop-lifting type of charge to large-scale “white-collar” fraud schemes, a conviction for theft can have serious long-term consequences for a person found guilty of this offence.


Drug Trafficking cases should be taken very seriously. In addition to imprisonment, a conviction for this offence can have significant consequences on one’s life and liberty. It is imperative to have an experienced defence lawyer to represent you if you are charged.

Uttering Threats

There are numerous ways to commit the offence of uttering threats, and the potential punishment will depend on how the threat was made and any collateral consequences to the threat. An assessment of whether something amounts to a “threat” is highly contextual.


Voyeurism is the offence of secretly watching or recording someone in certain private circumstances or for a sexual purpose. It is also illegal to share voyeuristic recordings or possess them for the purpose of sharing them. Voyeurism captures a wide array of conduct and the defences available to it are legally and factually nuanced.

Weapons Offences

Weapons-related offences are also among some of the more serious charges prosecuted in Canada. The specific use of any item, depending on the context, can lead to allegations involving “weapons”.

Youth Criminal Justice Act

The Canadian criminal justice system allows youth to be treated differently from adults in most situations when they are charged with a criminal offence. If a person is between the ages of 12 and 17 and are charged with a criminal offence, the prosecution of the case must follow the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

* Practicing in association, but not partnership with Caramanna, Friedberg LLP


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