What Are The Potential Defences For Drug Offences?
- Factual Innocence: If the Crown is unable to prove the essential elements (such as knowledge on the part of the accused) of the particular offence beyond a reasonable doubt, they will have failed to discharge their burden, and the accused will be acquitted.
Violation of Charter Rights: Under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, individuals are afforded specific rights, including:
- the right against unreasonable search and seizure;
- the right to not be arbitrarily detained;
- the right to be informed promptly of the reasons for arrest;
- the right to retain and instruct counsel without delay; and
- the right to be tried within a reasonable time.
A successful Charter challenge may also result in a stay of proceedings, or evidence from your case being excluded.